The purpose of this paper is to find out the use of compressive sensing (CS) algorithm for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). As energy-efficient algorithms are required for WSNs, CS is very much useful as less than 25 per cent of the entire input data alone is required to be transmitted, and reconstruction at the receiver with this reduced data set is of good quality. But, the usefulness of the algorithm with suitable modulation schemes is not analyzed so far in the literature. Hence, this work concentrated on the algorithm performance with different modulation schemes and different channel conditions.
Compressive sensing encoding is performed by using suitable transform on the input signal. Here, DCT and DWT are used to generate the sparse signal. Random measurement matrix is used to generate the compressed output, which is reconstructed using the Basis Pursuit (BP) method. Also, an analysis for the energy-efficient modulation scheme is performed by modulating the compressed output using QPSK/BPSK/QAM and transmitted by considering the Gaussian and Rayleigh Channels. Energy required per bit transmission is modeled and computed for different schemes.
Simulation result shows that the use of CS algorithm for data compression tremendously reduces the number of transmission bits and, hence, enhances the transmission and bandwidth efficiency in WSN. Results show that DWT is a much suitable transform to be used for sparse measurement generation. In comparison with DCT, DWT is computationally simple and takes very less time, which is expected in real-time application. The reconstruction result shows that about 25 per cent of the data sample is sufficient to recover the original image, perhaps which is the most surprising result. An extensive analysis of various modulation schemes based on the energy model shows that QPSK is in the AWGN channel, and QAM modulation in the Rayleigh channel is a much suitable modulation scheme to be used in WSN for further reduction of energy consumption.
Compressive sensing is recently gaining importance for quantization, compression and noise removal in images. In this paper, this technique was used along with modulation schemes to analyze the suitability of the algorithm for WSN.
Chakraborty, P. and Tharini, C. (2015), "Analysis of suitable modulation scheme for compressive sensing algorithm in wireless sensor network", Sensor Review, Vol. 35 No. 2, pp. 168-173. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-06-2014-666
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