Effect of pre-strain and KMnO4 oxidation of carbon nanotubes embedded in polyurethane on strain dependent electrical resistance of the composite

Petr Slobodian (Centre of Polymer Systems, Univerzita Tomase Bati ve Zline, Zlin, Czech Republic)
Pavel Riha (Institute of Hydrodynamics, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic)
Robert Olejnik (Centre of Polymer Systems, Univerzita Tomase Bati ve Zline, Zlin, Czech Republic)
Jiri Matyas (Centre of Polymer Systems, Univerzita Tomase Bati ve Zline, Zlin, Czech Republic)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Publication date: 19 March 2018

Abstract

Purpose

The synergistic effect of functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) using KMnO4 oxidation and initial tensile deformation on the electrical resistance of nanotube network/polyurethane composite subjected to elongation was studied.

Design/methodology/approach

Though the initial deformation irreversibly changed the arrangement of carbon nanotube network, subsequent cyclic elongation confirmed stable resistance values. The increased strain-dependent resistance of stimulated nanotube network/polyurethane composite was demonstrated by monitoring vibration of tambour leather after a bead impact and finger flexion.

Findings

The results showed a tenfold composite resistance increase for the composite prepared from KMnO4 oxidized nanotubes, quantified by a so-called gauge factor, from a value of about 20 in comparison to the network prepared from pristine nanotubes. This is a substantial increase, which ranks the stimulated composite among materials with the highest electromechanical response.

Originality/value

The results in this paper are new and have not been published yet. The paper combines different ideas which are developed together. It presents a new concept of synergistic effect of CNT oxidation and application of pre-strain simulation. Oxidation and pre-strain increases by several times the sensitivity of the tested composites which are predetermined for use as strain sensors of various sizes and shapes.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic – Program NPU I (LO1504) and national budget of the Czech Republic, within the framework of the project CPS - strengthening research capacity (reg. number: CZ.1.05/2.1.00/19.0409). P. R. would gratefully like to acknowledge financial support from the Fund of Institute of Hydrodynamics AV0Z20600510.

Citation

Slobodian, P., Riha, P., Olejnik, R. and Matyas, J. (2018), "Effect of pre-strain and KMnO4 oxidation of carbon nanotubes embedded in polyurethane on strain dependent electrical resistance of the composite", Sensor Review, Vol. 38 No. 2, pp. 163-170. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-05-2017-0079

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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