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A mosaicking technique for object identification in underwater environments

Alexandra Pereira Nunes (CRAS, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Tecnologia e Ciencia, Porto, Portugal)
Ana Rita Silva Gaspar (CRAS, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Tecnologia e Ciencia, Porto, Portugal)
Andry M. Pinto (CRAS, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Tecnologia e Ciencia, Porto, Portugal)
Aníbal Castilho Matos (CRAS, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Tecnologia e Ciencia, Porto, Portugal)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 28 November 2018

Issue publication date: 17 May 2019

220

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present a mosaicking method for underwater robotic applications, whose result can be provided to other perceptual systems for scene understanding such as real-time object recognition.

Design/methodology/approach

This method is called robust and large-scale mosaicking (ROLAMOS) and presents an efficient frame-to-frame motion estimation with outlier removal and consistency checking that maps large visual areas in high resolution. The visual mosaic of the sea-floor is created on-the-fly by a robust registration procedure that composes monocular observations and manages the computational resources. Moreover, the registration process of ROLAMOS aligns the observation to the existing mosaic.

Findings

A comprehensive set of experiments compares the performance of ROLAMOS to other similar approaches, using both data sets (publicly available) and live data obtained by a ROV operating in real scenes. The results demonstrate that ROLAMOS is adequate for mapping of sea-floor scenarios as it provides accurate information from the seabed, which is of extreme importance for autonomous robots surveying the environment that does not rely on specialized computers.

Originality/value

The ROLAMOS is suitable for robotic applications that require an online, robust and effective technique to reconstruct the underwater environment from only visual information.

Keywords

Citation

Pereira Nunes, A., Silva Gaspar, A.R., M. Pinto, A. and Castilho Matos, A. (2019), "A mosaicking technique for object identification in underwater environments", Sensor Review, Vol. 39 No. 3, pp. 387-396. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-04-2018-0089

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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