Invasive transit-time ultrasonic flow measurement involves the use of ultrasonic transducers, which sense the flowing fluid and are the most important parts of an ultrasonic flowmeter. In this study, two ultrasonic transducers were designed, numerically simulated and fabricated to be used in an ultrasonic gas flowmeter.
PZT-5H piezoceramic elements with specific dimensions were designed and used as beating heart inside the transducers. Different methods, including impedance-frequency analysis, optical emission spectroscopy and performance tests in pressurized chambers were used to evaluate the piezoelectric elements, ultrasonic transducer housings and the fabricated transducers, respectively. In addition, finite element method results showed its ability for design stages of ultrasonic transducer.
Experimental results for transit time difference (TTD) and the normalized received voltage were compared with simulation results at the same conditions. There was a quite good agreement between the two method results. Extensive simulation results showed that under the considered range of environmental conditions, the change of acoustic path length has the most impact on TTD, with respect to temperature and pressure. A change of 1 mm in acoustic path length leads to 0.74 per cent change in TTD, approximately. In addition, for normalized received voltage, 1 bar change in pressure has the most impact and its value is as high as 3.76 per cent.
This method is possibly used in ultrasonic gas flowmeter fabrication.
In this work, design, fabrication, experimental tests and numerical simulation of ultrasonic transducers are presented.
Mousavi, S.F., Hashemabadi, S.H. and Azizi Moghaddam, H. (2019), "Design, simulation, fabrication and testing of ultrasonic gas flowmeter transducer (sensor)", Sensor Review, Vol. 39 No. 2, pp. 277-287. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-03-2018-0051Download as .RIS
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