The purpose of this paper is to build a typology of social entrepreneurship in Russian Federation and describe the related models based on a deep understanding of the current institutional context and the positioning of social entrepreneurship in the arena of market and non-market activities.
This paper is based on secondary data sources including legal documents, annual reports and websites of the social entrepreneurship-related organizations.
This paper finds that social entrepreneurship in Russia is located between civil society, the State and the market and it is the State that became a main driving force behind social entrepreneurship development.
This paper is the first to perceive the social entrepreneurship in modern Russia as a phenomenon with “semi-official” status. The original models and the very typology of social entrepreneurship are based on the newly introduced concept of “social-entrepreneurial mission”.
The paper is prepared with the support of JTI Russia. The authors would like to thank the editors, and the anonymous reviewers for their patience and extremely helpful feedback during the preparation of this paper. Both authors contributed equally to the paper.
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