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Social entrepreneurial opportunity recognition among higher education students: scale development and validation

Parvathy Viswanath (Department of Psychology, Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India)
Sadananda Reddy Annapally (Department of Psychology, Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India)
Aneesh Kumar (Department of Psychology, Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India)

Social Enterprise Journal

ISSN: 1750-8614

Article publication date: 23 February 2024

Issue publication date: 25 April 2024

90

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to develop and validate a multidimensional scale to measure the motivating factors that lead to opportunity recognition in social entrepreneurship among higher education institute (HEI) students.

Design/methodology/approach

The scale was developed through two phases; in phase 1, semi-structured interviews with social entrepreneurs and aspiring students were conducted to explore themes for item generation. Phase 2 included developing and validating the scale using exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The sample included HEI students (n = 300 for EFA, n = 300 for CFA) with either academic background or volunteering experiences in social entrepreneurship.

Findings

A 24-item scale is developed in the study, with six factors measuring the motivating factors influencing opportunity recognition in social entrepreneurship: life experiences, social awareness, social inclination, community development, institutional voids and natural option for a meaningful career.

Research limitations/implications

The scale facilitates the development of theories and models in social entrepreneurship. The scale also enables policymakers and social entrepreneurship educators to understand the motivating factors that lead to opportunity recognition among students. It would help them to provide target-specific support to students.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first attempt to develop a scale that measures opportunity recognition in social entrepreneurship based on specific motivating factors. The study used the model by Yitshaki and Kropp (2016) as the conceptual framework. This study is the first attempt to triangulate the model’s findings using a quantitative methodology and through the development of a measurement scale. Besides, the scale adds value to social entrepreneurship research, which lacks empirical research on HEI students.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Declaration of conflict of interests: The authors confirm that there is no conflict of interest for this study.

Funding: This study has not received any external funding.

Since submission of this article, the following author has updated his affiliation: Sadananda Reddy Annapally is Assistant Professor at the Jindal School of Psychology and Counselling, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India.

Citation

Viswanath, P., Annapally, S.R. and Kumar, A. (2024), "Social entrepreneurial opportunity recognition among higher education students: scale development and validation", Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 20 No. 3, pp. 339-363. https://doi.org/10.1108/SEJ-04-2023-0051

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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