In search of angels: the first bucket of gold for entrepreneurs

Garrison Hongyu Song (Department of Business Management, Farmingdale State College, Farmingdale, New York, USA)
Ajeet Jain (Department of Finance, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut, USA)

Studies in Economics and Finance

ISSN: 1086-7376

Publication date: 21 December 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the allocation of the exit value of a start-up company in market equilibrium between an angel investor and an entrepreneur in the very early-stage financing market.

Design/methodology/approach

The theoretical model is established based on the two-sided random search theory and the model’s ability to match the empirical data is evaluated via simulation.

Findings

The model indicates that the allocation of the final investment outcome is not proportional to the initial investments by the angel investor and the entrepreneur. The simulation results show that the continued investment by the entrepreneur and the private benefit acquired by the angel investor have a more profoundly negative influence on the angel investor’s share of the exit value of the start-up company. Moreover, the market search structure represented by the matching probability of an angel investor to an entrepreneur has a more significant impact on the angel investor’s share than the other model parameters.

Originality/value

The importance of market search friction in the very early-stage financing market is emphasized. The concepts of continued investments and private benefits are introduced and quantified for the first time under the framework of angel investment. The impacts of such model parameters as the matching probability of an angel investor to an entrepreneur, the success rate of a start-up company, the bargaining power of an angel investor and the discount rate on the allocation of the exit value of the start-up company are investigated as well.

Keywords

Citation

Song, G.H. and Jain, A. (2020), "In search of angels: the first bucket of gold for entrepreneurs", Studies in Economics and Finance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/SEF-04-2020-0091

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

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