Using the resource-based theoretical view of the firm, this paper aims to explore how firms’ efforts to integrate blockchain technology (BCT) into their supply chain systems and activities enable certain supply chain capabilities and, consequently, improve their supply chain performance.
Using an abductive research approach, a qualitative content analysis was conducted on 126 cases of firms attempting to implement a blockchain technology-enabled supply chain system (BCTeSCS). These firms spanning across multiple industries were identified using the Nexis Uni database.
Findings reveal that present BCTeSCS efforts are more-oriented toward improving operational-level capabilities (information sharing and coordination capabilities) than strategic-level capabilities (integration and collaboration capabilities). These operational and strategic-level capabilities alongside BCTeSCS deliver several supply chains performance outcomes such as quality compliance and improvement, process improvement, flexibility, reduced cost and reduced process time. However, outcomes may vary by industry type based on their uncertainties.
Given the nascent state of BCT, accessibility to primary data about ongoing BCTeSCS efforts is limited. The presented framework is based on 126 cases of secondary information. Within this constraint, the paper finds scope to future empirical research by proposing a resource-based framework of BCTeSCS and related propositions.
The results and discussion of this study serve as useful guidance for practitioners involved in BCTeSCS integrations.
The paper creates a BCTeSCS scenario for stakeholders to assume its potential socio-economic and socio-environmental pressures.
This paper is one of the initial attempts to examine BCTeSCS efforts across multiple industries, and thus, promises a broad future research scope.
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Nandi, M.L., Nandi, S., Moya, H. and Kaynak, H. (2020), "Blockchain technology-enabled supply chain systems and supply chain performance: a resource-based view", Supply Chain Management, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 841-862. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-12-2019-0444Download as .RIS
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