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Does environmental proactivity make a difference? The critical roles of green operations and collaboration in GSCM

Aleksandr M. Kitsis (Department of Operations and Supply Chain Management, College of Business Administration, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA)
Injazz J. Chen (Department of Operations and Supply Chain Management, College of Business Administration, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA)

Supply Chain Management

ISSN: 1359-8546

Article publication date: 30 November 2021

Issue publication date: 6 March 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the complex links between environmental proactivity, collaboration with suppliers and customers, green operations and firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a sample of 208 US companies, five main effects and two mediation effects were tested using structural equation modeling analysis.

Findings

This study reveals that environmental proactivity exerts positive effects on green operations and that collaboration mediates the above relationship. Further, green operations are a powerful driver of a firm’s economic and environmental performance. Findings also demonstrate the critical mediating role of green operations in linking collaboration with performance.

Research limitations/implications

This research contributes to a scholarly debate by offering novel insights into the extent to which proactivity improves firm performance may be influenced by multiple supply chain practices. To managers, this study highlights the strategic value of environmental proactivity as it fosters collaboration and green operations in boosting a firm’s environmental and economic performance.

Originality/value

This study addresses a gap in the literature by investigating the links between environmental proactivity, collaboration, green operations and corporate performance.

Keywords

Citation

Kitsis, A.M. and Chen, I.J. (2023), "Does environmental proactivity make a difference? The critical roles of green operations and collaboration in GSCM", Supply Chain Management, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 209-224. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-09-2020-0499

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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