A knowledge-based system for overall supply chain performance evaluation: a multi-criteria decision making approach
Article publication date: 6 February 2019
Issue publication date: 28 May 2019
Existing supply chain (SC) performance models are not able to cope with the potential of intensive SC digitalisation and establish a relationship between decisions and decision criteria. The purpose of this paper is to develop an integrated knowledge-based system (KBS) that creates a link between decisions and decision criteria (attributes) and evaluates the overall SC performance.
The proposed KBS is grounded on the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (fuzzy AHP), which establishes a relationship between short-term and long-term decisions and SC performance criteria (short-term and long-term) for accurate and integrated Overall SC performance evaluation.
The proposed KBS evaluates the overall SC performance, establishes a relationship between decisions (long-term and short-term) and decision criteria of SC functions and provides decision makers with a view of the impact of their short-term or long-term decisions on overall SC performance. The proposed system was implemented in a case company where the authors were able to develop a SC performance monitoring dashboard for the company’s top managers and operational managers.
The proposed KBS assists organisations and decision makers in evaluating their overall SC performance and helps in identifying underperforming SC functions and their associated criteria. It may also be considered as a tool for benchmarking SC performance against competitors. It can efficiently point to improvement directions and help decision makers improve overall SC performance.
The proposed KBS provides a holistic and integrated approach, establishes a relationship between decisions and decision criteria and evaluates overall SC performance, which is one of the main limitations in existing supply chain performance measurement systems.
The authors would like to thank the case company experts who took the time to build the FDMS to allow an overall evaluation of SC performance and provided data for implementing the methodology. The authors would also like to thank anonymous referees for their constructive comments and recommendations for improving the quality of this paper.
Khan, S.A., Chaabane, A. and Dweiri, F. (2019), "A knowledge-based system for overall supply chain performance evaluation: a multi-criteria decision making approach", Supply Chain Management, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 377-396. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-06-2017-0197
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