To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Rethinking microaggressions and anti-social behaviour against LGBTIQ+ youth

James A. Roffee (Department of Criminology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia)
Andrea Waling (School of Psychology and Public Health, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, Melbourne, Australia)

Safer Communities

ISSN: 1757-8043

Article publication date: 10 October 2016




The purpose of this paper is to further the understanding of experiences of anti-social behaviour in LGBTIQ+ youth in university settings.


The discussion reflects on qualitative interviews with LGBTIQ+ young people studying at university (n=16) exploring their experiences of anti-social behaviour including harassment, bullying and victimisation in tertiary settings.


The findings demonstrate that attention should be paid to the complex nature of anti-social behaviour. In particular, LGBTIQ+ youth documented experiences of microaggressions perpetrated by other members of the LGBTIQ+ community. Using the taxonomy of anti-social behaviour against LGBTIQ+ people developed by Nadal et al. (2010, 2011), the authors build on literature that understands microaggressions against LGBTIQ+ people as a result of heterosexism, to address previously unexplored microaggressions perpetrated by other LGBTIQ+ people.

Research limitations/implications

Future research could seek a larger sample of participants from a range of universities, as campus climate may influence the experiences and microaggressions perpetrated.

Practical implications

Individuals within the LGBTIQ+ community also perpetrate microaggressions against LGBTIQ+ people, including individuals with the same sexual orientation and gender identity as the victim. Those seeking to respond to microaggressions need to attune their attention to this source of anti-social behaviour.


Previous research has focused on microaggressions and hate crimes perpetrated by non-LGBTIQ+ individuals. This research indicates the existence of microaggressions perpetrated by LGBTIQ+ community members against other LGBTIQ+ persons. The theoretical taxonomy of sexual orientation and transgender microaggressions is expanded to address LGBTIQ+ perpetrated anti-social behaviour.



Roffee, J.A. and Waling, A. (2016), "Rethinking microaggressions and anti-social behaviour against LGBTIQ+ youth", Safer Communities, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 190-201.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles