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Corporate philanthropy and firm performance: the role of corporate strategies

Wonsuk Cha (Division of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship College of Business, Governors State University, University Park, Illinois, USA)
Dongjun Rew (Davis School of Business, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, Colorado, USA)
Joo Jung (Robert C. Vackar College of Business and Entrepreneurship, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas, USA)

Society and Business Review

ISSN: 1746-5680

Article publication date: 15 July 2022

Issue publication date: 2 February 2023

702

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to empirically explore the interaction between corporate philanthropy and firm performance through the mechanism of corporate strategies, such as unrelated diversification and global strategic posture (GSP).

Design/methodology/approach

A theoretical framework was developed based on institutional theory to argue that GSP can play an important mediating role in the relationship between corporate philanthropy and firm performance. PROCESS macro for SPSS and SAS to test a mediation was conducted using data from 115 publicly traded US firms between 2010 and 2017.

Findings

This study verified that GSP acts as an indirect mediator that influences the relationship between corporate philanthropy and firm performance. However, unrelated diversification was not found to be a mediator of that relationship.

Research limitations/implications

This study has extended the current understanding of institutional theory to explain the relationship between corporate philanthropy and corporate strategies.

Practical implications

This study helps to provide corporate managers with a promising notion that corporate philanthropy can help firms with market entry strategies.

Originality/value

This study helps to provide empirical evidence on the relationships among corporate philanthropy, corporate strategies and firm performance. Specifically, the finding of this study indicates strategic conditions under which the firm’s philanthropic efforts are more likely to influence firm performance.

Keywords

Citation

Cha, W., Rew, D. and Jung, J. (2023), "Corporate philanthropy and firm performance: the role of corporate strategies", Society and Business Review, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 104-123. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBR-12-2021-0249

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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