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The impact of environmental performance on capital structure and firm performance: the case of Turkey

Ismail Kalash (Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey)

Society and Business Review

ISSN: 1746-5680

Article publication date: 8 June 2021

Issue publication date: 4 August 2021

730

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of environmental performance on the capital structure and financial performance of Turkish listed firms.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used data of 49 firms listed on Istanbul Stock Exchange during the period between 2014 and 2019, resulting in 205 firm-year observations. The environmental performance data were drawn from the carbon disclosure project Turkey climate change reports. Ordinary least squares and binary logistic regression models were used to examine whether environmental performance impacts the capital structure and financial performance.

Findings

The findings of this research revealed that environmental performance significantly positively affects the firm leverage. Findings also showed that environmental performance has a significantly positive impact on return on assets, operating profitability and return on equity, but no significant impact on stock returns.

Practical implications

Given the increased borrowing costs for Turkish firms after the 2018 currency crisis in Turkey, the findings of this study are very important as they enable managers of Turkish firms to make better decisions related to capital structure and to understand the role of environmental performance in reducing the cost of debt and enhancing financial performance.

Originality/value

To the author’s knowledge, this research is the first to investigate the effect of environmental performance on capital structure in the Turkish context, and is one of few that explained how environmental performance affects the financial performance of Turkish firms.

Keywords

Citation

Kalash, I. (2021), "The impact of environmental performance on capital structure and firm performance: the case of Turkey", Society and Business Review, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 255-277. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBR-11-2020-0138

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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