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Growth of private university business following “oligopoly” and “SME” approaches: an impact on the concept of university and on society

Gazi Mahabubul Alam (Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Purta Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Morsheda Parvin (Department of Professional Development and Continuing, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Purta Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Samsilah Roslan (Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Purta Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)

Society and Business Review

ISSN: 1746-5680

Article publication date: 4 September 2020

Issue publication date: 4 August 2021

213

Abstract

Purpose

Universally, university is considered as the apex body which is ethically obliged to present a substantial society. In doing so, universities often innovate dynamic business models and theories. Ideally, the countries whose universities contribute for better and sustainable business growth are the advanced one. However, universities themselves should be the business organisation – an argument is yet to receive attention. Although literature lacks in the area of education business especially university provision, the sector behaves as business entity after the inception of private sector. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the paradigm transformation of university sector and its impact on the society.

Design/methodology/approach

Given the differentiated nature of research questions, multiple techniques are used to collect the data. However, this research adopts the norms of qualitative methods. Both secondary and primary data are used. While secondary data are collected by University Grants Commission (UGC), primary data are collected through interviews.

Findings

Findings show that the development of university sector started following monopoly model. More than half a century, the same model was continued. Thereafter, duopoly model was introduced which carried until the inception of private sector. The growth of private sector followed oligopoly model which was further extended to small and medium enterprises (SMEs). These days, society compares university with “diploma mill”, as production of knowledge and civic society is longer than the part of the core business of university. Consequently, compromising with research is to be judged as a threat to overall development that includes business and social development.

Originality/value

A few studies have been published in the area of private university. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, none covers the oligopoly-ism and SME-ism behaviour of university and its impact on the concept of university and on the society. Therefore, this project aims to understand the norms of university business and its substantial contribution on the social change.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to Asian Council of Science Editors (ACSE) for providing the logistic support. They acknowledge the productive discussions with Dr Md. Abdur Rahman Forhad (Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology-DUET). They also acknowledge the supports received from Ms Jesmin Parvin (Additional Director, University Grants Commission, Strategic Planning and Quality Assurance Division) for her kind support to help us in accruing annual reports.

Citation

Alam, G.M., Parvin, M. and Roslan, S. (2021), "Growth of private university business following “oligopoly” and “SME” approaches: an impact on the concept of university and on society", Society and Business Review, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 306-327. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBR-06-2020-0083

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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