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Corporate social responsibility and satisfaction in service industries: a systematic review and integrative framework

Elaheh Mohammadi (Department of Marketing and Entrepreneurship, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA)
Gianluca Vagnani (Department of Management, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy)
Hossein Maleki (Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Society and Business Review

ISSN: 1746-5680

Article publication date: 5 January 2023




The present study aims to explore the concepts involved in the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and customer and employee satisfaction in service industries.


The research literature over the recent decade has been analyzed using a systematic review. Through thematic analysis and coding the findings of the final selected articles, the authors presented an integrative framework of the relationship between CSR and the satisfaction of critical stakeholders of service companies, namely, customers and employees.


The research framework encompasses six main categories called CSR, satisfaction, moderators, conditional variables, contextual variables and satisfaction outcomes. All categories but CSR are divided into customer and employee sections to make the research framework further comprehensible.

Practical implications

The results show that in service industries, employees need as much attention as customers, and CSR efforts to satisfy customers and employees can lead to several positive outputs for companies.

Social implications

Failure of service companies to commit to their social responsibility may harm the environment, society’s ethics and laws and long-term corporate profitability. On the other hand, adherence to CSR can lead to social development and economic growth.


This study is one of the most comprehensive studies in the field of CSR and satisfaction, which simultaneously considers the two key stakeholders of a service company. In addition, it provides valuable avenues for further studies.



Mohammadi, E., Vagnani, G. and Maleki, H. (2023), "Corporate social responsibility and satisfaction in service industries: a systematic review and integrative framework", Society and Business Review, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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