The purpose of this paper is to research factors like task-orientation and collectivism and to examine the relationship between them and goal-setting as research construct. This research investigates the phenomena of team goal-setting in a selected sports organisation. Therefore 49 players from three Portuguese elite male handball team were selected for the study.
Three well-known questionnaires were employed to determine the relationships between the above factors in a case setting. Task- and ego-orientation in Sport Questionnaire, the Jackson Psychological Collectivism Measure and the Goal-setting in Sport Questionnaire.
The results reveal that the team and players are task-oriented, collectivist and possessing professional and personal goal habits. The correlations between questionnaire outcomes indicate that, when the team wants to set goals, it should consider the players’ orientation and the team’s collectivism. Thus team goal-setting is more than only goal-setting, because of the need for task-orientation and collectivism.
The research was conducted using three teams in a specific sports and thus cannot be generalised to the general sports environment. Yet, certainly the strength of the findings indicate that the results and conclusions may be used in a wider sports or business setting.
This research paper should provide managers and coaches with insight into the complexity of team goal-setting. It also should provide insight into the chosen process related to human resources.
The paper adds and demonstrates to the literature on team goal-setting the importance of task-orientation and collectivism as goal-setting mediators.
The authors would like to acknowledge all the participants, coaches Carlos Resende, Luís Santos and Paulo Sá, who allowed doing this research with their teams. The authors are also grateful to the anonymous reviewers of this paper for their encouragement and insightful comments and suggestions.
Arraya, M.A., Pellissier, R. and Preto, I. (2015), "Team goal-setting involves more than only goal-setting", Sport, Business and Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 157-174. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBM-11-2012-0046
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