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Determinants of sport-related expenditure of golf players and differences between light and heavy spenders

Kirstin Hallmann (Institute of Sport Economics and Sport Management, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany)
Pamela Wicker (Institute of Sport Economics and Sport Management, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany)

Sport, Business and Management

ISSN: 2042-678X

Article publication date: 11 May 2015

Abstract

Purpose

Although participation in golf has increased in several countries and is associated with an evolving golf industry, research on golf and golf players is rather limited. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse the sport-related expenditure of golfers and diferences of heavy and light spenders.

Design/methodology/approach

Primary data of golf players were collected in Germany using a written survey which resulted in a convenience sample of n=197 golfers.

Findings

The regression results indicate that the social motive, time for playing and training, handicap, age, and income have a significant impact on sport-related expenditure. There are several significant difference between heavy and light spenders based on psychological, behavioural, demographic, and resources variables.

Research limitations/implications

A convenience sample was drawn and the sample size with n=197 respondents could be improved. Nonetheless, the descriptive results revealed that the sample structure was similar to previous research with regard to socio-demographic variables.

Practical implications

Since the underlying motives of golfers vary immensely indicating a range of target groups, sport managers need to address each target group differently to fully exploit the marketing potential.

Originality/value

Expenditure of golfers seems to be under researched and the results reveal that the average sport-related expenditure of golfers confirms that golf can be an expensive sport and that golf players are willing to spend on average one monthly income on their sport over a 12-month period.

Keywords

Citation

Hallmann, K. and Wicker, P. (2015), "Determinants of sport-related expenditure of golf players and differences between light and heavy spenders", Sport, Business and Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 121-138. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBM-09-2012-0038

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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