The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first aim is to obtain a valid and reliable instrument for the holistic analysis of sporting events, and the second is to test a causal model in which future intentions depend on spectators’ perceptions of quality, satisfaction, and value of these events.
A total of 493 spectators of a professional basketball team in the Spanish ACB league responded to a survey to measure the overall performance of the sporting event service. Exploratory factor analysis and further confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation models provides the methodology for testing the reliability and validity of the instrument.
The scales have adequate reliability and validity indices. The path model explains 35.8 percent of the variance in future intentions, 54.0 percent in perceived value, and 49.5 percent in spectators’ satisfaction. Quality proves a better predictor of perceived value than satisfaction. Both perceived value and satisfaction have a similar weight in predicting spectators’ future intentions. The data indicate that quality has an effect on spectators’ future intentions, by altering their perceptions of value and satisfaction.
The research findings are somewhat limited, due to the sample consisting entirely of spectators of a single team in the Spanish ACB league.
Managers can use these findings to develop loyalty strategies by creating service value and increasing spectators’ satisfaction through quality improvements.
This study contributes to the literature on service quality by providing an overall measure to assess service in professional sporting events in a Latin-American context.
Calabuig Moreno, F., Crespo Hervás, J., J. Prado-Gascó, V. and M. Núñez-Pomar, J. (2014), "Using a brief questionnaire to assess the overall perceptions of basketball spectators", Sport, Business and Management, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 212-222. https://doi.org/10.1108/SBM-03-2014-0009Download as .RIS
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