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An interactive assessment framework for residential space layouts using pix2pix predictive model at the early-stage building design

Fatemeh Mostafavi (Department of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands)
Mohammad Tahsildoost (Department of Construction, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Zahra Sadat Zomorodian (Department of Construction, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Seyed Shayan Shahrestani (Department of Construction, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment

ISSN: 2046-6099

Article publication date: 7 December 2022

39

Abstract

Purpose

In this study, a novel framework based on deep learning models is presented to assess energy and environmental performance of a given building space layout, facilitating the decision-making process at the early-stage design.

Design/methodology/approach

A methodology using an image-based deep learning model called pix2pix is proposed to predict the overall daylight, energy and ventilation performance of a given residential building space layout. The proposed methodology is then evaluated by being applied to 300 sample apartment units in Tehran, Iran. Four pix2pix models were trained to predict illuminance, spatial daylight autonomy (sDA), primary energy intensity and ventilation maps. The simulation results were considered ground truth.

Findings

The results showed an average structural similarity index measure (SSIM) of 0.86 and 0.81 for the predicted illuminance and sDA maps, respectively, and an average score of 88% for the predicted primary energy intensity and ventilation representative maps, each of which is outputted within three seconds.

Originality/value

The proposed framework in this study helps upskilling the design professionals involved with the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry through engaging artificial intelligence in human–computer interactions. The specific novelties of this research are: first, evaluating indoor environmental metrics (daylight and ventilation) alongside the energy performance of space layouts using pix2pix model, second, widening the assessment scope to a group of spaces forming an apartment layout at five different floors and third, incorporating the impact of building context on the intended objectives.

Keywords

Citation

Mostafavi, F., Tahsildoost, M., Zomorodian, Z.S. and Shahrestani, S.S. (2022), "An interactive assessment framework for residential space layouts using pix2pix predictive model at the early-stage building design", Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/SASBE-07-2022-0152

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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