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Using a distributed deep learning algorithm for analyzing big data in smart cities

Mohammed Anouar Naoui (Department of Computer Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and applied Sciences, LIMPAF Laboratory, University of Bouira, ELOUED, Algeria) (University of El Oued, El Oued, Algeria)
Brahim Lejdel (University of El Oued, El Oued, Algeria)
Mouloud Ayad (Université de Bouira, Bouira, Algeria)
Abdelfattah Amamra (Cal Poly Pomona, Pomona, California, USA)
Okba kazar (Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria)

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment

ISSN: 2046-6099

Article publication date: 21 April 2020

Issue publication date: 17 March 2021



The purpose of this paper is to propose a distributed deep learning architecture for smart cities in big data systems.


We have proposed an architectural multilayer to describe the distributed deep learning for smart cities in big data systems. The components of our system are Smart city layer, big data layer, and deep learning layer. The Smart city layer responsible for the question of Smart city components, its Internet of things, sensors and effectors, and its integration in the system, big data layer concerns data characteristics 10, and its distribution over the system. The deep learning layer is the model of our system. It is responsible for data analysis.


We apply our proposed architecture in a Smart environment and Smart energy. 10; In a Smart environment, we study the Toluene forecasting in Madrid Smart city. For Smart energy, we study wind energy foresting in Australia. Our proposed architecture can reduce the time of execution and improve the deep learning model, such as Long Term Short Memory10;.

Research limitations/implications

This research needs the application of other deep learning models, such as convolution neuronal network and autoencoder.

Practical implications

Findings of the research will be helpful in Smart city architecture. It can provide a clear view into a Smart city, data storage, and data analysis. The 10; Toluene forecasting in a Smart environment can help the decision-maker to ensure environmental safety. The Smart energy of our proposed model can give a clear prediction of power generation.


The findings of this study are expected to contribute valuable information to decision-makers for a better understanding of the key to Smart city architecture. Its relation with data storage, processing, and data analysis.



Naoui, M.A., Lejdel, B., Ayad, M., Amamra, A. and kazar, O. (2021), "Using a distributed deep learning algorithm for analyzing big data in smart cities", Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 90-105.



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