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Organizational justice and employee mental health’s moderating roles in organizational identification

Sumita Rai (Department of Organizational Behavior, Management Development Institute, Gurgaon, India.)

South Asian Journal of Global Business Research

ISSN: 2045-4457

Article publication date: 2 March 2015




The purpose of this paper is to test the impact of organizational justice on employees’ mental health. This paper is also an attempt to understand the moderating role of organizational identification on organizational justice and employee mental health.


Standard questionnaires were used to collect data. A survey study was conducted in two multinational companies located in northern and southern part of India. The sample size of the study was 321.


The result of hierarchical regression highlights that distributive and interactional justice were significantly correlated with employee mental health with positive interaction effect in the case of strong identification. Moderating effect of organizational identification on mental health and organizational justice was also found significant.

Research limitations/implications

The theoretical development from this paper will contribute to organizational justice research presenting its impact on employee mental health. The moderating effect of organizational identification will bring a new dimension to understand the relationship of organizational justice and mental health.

Practical implications

This study will provide insight to practicing manager to reinforce organizational justice practices at workplace. This will also help manager and leader to understand the identification level of employee with organization, and its impact on mental health.


This paper explores all the three forms of organizational justice as antecedents. It also studied employee mental health as consequence and the role of organizational identification as moderator on justice and mental health.



This paper was presented at the 2013 30th annual Euro-Asia Management Studies Association Conference in Duisburg, Germany.


Rai, S. (2015), "Organizational justice and employee mental health’s moderating roles in organizational identification", South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp. 68-84.



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