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Crossover of work–family conflict in supervisor–subordinate dyads in India: does LMX matter?

Pavithra Sampath (Department of Management Studies, IIT Madras, Chennai, India)
Rupashree Baral (Department of Management Studies, IIT Madras, Chennai, India)
Mansi Rastogi (Department of Management Studies, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Silchar, India)

South Asian Journal of Business Studies

ISSN: 2398-628X

Article publication date: 18 August 2020

Issue publication date: 13 November 2020

191

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigated the crossover of work–family conflict (WFC) from supervisors to subordinates employed in conventional work settings. The authors hypothesized that the supervisor’s WFC would impact the subordinate’s level of WFC, and the level of crossover would vary with relationship quality or LMX.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors surveyed a matched set of 150 supervisors and 193 subordinates from several services organizations who were recruited using a snowballing technique. Data were analysed using hierarchical regression analyses and moderation testing.

Findings

Results confirmed a significant direct crossover path. Further, the crossover was found to be lowered in the event of higher LMX quality.

Research limitations/implications

The findings provide significant insights into the conditions under which transmission of WFC takes place by broadening crossover research in the work–family area. Future studies must explore the crossover of work–family enrichment and the role of leadership styles, empathy and perspective taking of subordinates in the crossover.

Practical implications

Supervisors must endeavour to reduce the level of WFC of subordinates by trying to build high-quality LMX by regularly interacting with them and by providing them a supportive climate. Employees in turn must support supervisors in various means, which will help them gaining manager’s trust and support.

Originality/value

Examination of the potential mitigating effect of high-quality LMX in the crossover of WFC in supervisor–subordinate dyads has rarely been investigated in the past.

Keywords

Citation

Sampath, P., Baral, R. and Rastogi, M. (2020), "Crossover of work–family conflict in supervisor–subordinate dyads in India: does LMX matter?", South Asian Journal of Business Studies, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 373-390. https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-11-2019-0212

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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