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Toward contextual understanding: antecedents of work-family interface in India

Mahima Raina (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE)
Eunae Cho (School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
Kamlesh Singh (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India)

South Asian Journal of Business Studies

ISSN: 2398-628X

Article publication date: 28 July 2020

Issue publication date: 13 November 2020




The current study examined cultural (diffuse orientation), organizational (organizational work-family climates) and individual (role centrality) antecedents of key work-family (WF) experiences (WF conflict, WF enrichment and WF boundary management) in India.


Survey data were collected from 586 white-collar employees in India. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling.


Analyses revealed interesting culture-specific insights into the WF dynamic. For example, less demarcation between WF boundaries (diffuse orientation) did not increase WF conflict, but significantly fostered WF enrichment, challenging the findings in the Western cultural contexts. A supportive organizational WF climate was found to be a crucial factor that alleviated WF conflict, whereas greater investment in work role led to greater WF enrichment.

Research limitations/implications

This study addresses a dearth of research on antecedents of WF interface that simultaneously examines the positive and negative aspects of WF interface. It also advances the WF literature by generating empirical evidence related to the cultural dimension of diffuse orientation.


This study provides a holistic view of WF interface in the Indian context by incorporating various antecedents in one model.



Ethical Standards and Informed Consent: Informed consent was obtained from all the participants in the sample for being included in the study. All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards.Conflict of Interest Statement: On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


Raina, M., Cho, E. and Singh, K. (2020), "Toward contextual understanding: antecedents of work-family interface in India", South Asian Journal of Business Studies, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 339-356.



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