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Relationship between role overload and the work–family interface

Poonam Shripad Vatharkar (Maharashtra Educational Society, Pune, India)
Meenakshi Aggarwal-Gupta (Department of Human Resource Management, Tag Vinnatti Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, India)

South Asian Journal of Business Studies

ISSN: 2398-628X

Article publication date: 14 July 2020

Issue publication date: 13 November 2020




The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between role overload (RO) and the work–family interface (work–life conflict and work–life enrichment) among bank employees and the moderating effects of personal life characteristics and commitments on this relationship. It aimed to bring out the importance of contextual factors in individual's interactions across various roles.


A structured questionnaire based on validated instruments was designed and administered to 279 employees from the banking sector in India. The instrument was adapted to the local language to ensure ease of comprehension.


RO was positively correlated with both work interference with personal life (WIPL) and personal life interference with work (PLIW), and negatively correlated with work–personal life enrichment (WPLE). Gender, number of children and age of the youngest child significantly moderated the relationship between RO and WIPL.

Research limitations/implications

This study was limited by the use of self-reported data and its cross-sectional nature. Future studies will need to include a larger sample with people from across the workplace hierarchy.

Practical implications

This paper provides valuable insight into the influence of personal life characteristics and commitments on RO and the work–family interface.


The banking sector is among the top 10 most stressful workplaces in India due to high work pressure and the threat of competition. These working conditions make it important to understand employee perceptions of RO and its impact on the work–family interface.



Vatharkar, P.S. and Aggarwal-Gupta, M. (2020), "Relationship between role overload and the work–family interface", South Asian Journal of Business Studies, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 305-321.



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