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Do leverage decisions mediate the relationship between board structure and insolvency risk? A comparative mediating role of capital structure and debt maturity

Rana Yassir Hussain (School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China) (Department of Economics and Business Administration, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan)
Xuezhou Wen (School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China) (School of Business, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China)
Haroon Hussain (Noon Business School, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan)
Muhammad Saad (Fast School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Karachi Campus, Karachi, Pakistan)
Zuhaib Zafar (School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China)

South Asian Journal of Business Studies

ISSN: 2398-628X

Article publication date: 12 November 2020

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Abstract

Purpose

Corporate boards monitor managerial decisions as concluded by the monitoring hypothesis. In this scenario, the present study stresses that leverage decisions can be used as a tool to control insolvency risk.

Design/methodology/approach

This study aims at investigating the intervention of capital structure and debt maturity on the relationship between corporate board composition and insolvency risk by employing Preacher and Hayes’s (2008) approach. The study sample comprises 284 firms from 2013 to 2017. Structural equation modeling is used to study the direct and indirect relationships among study variables.

Findings

Results show that debt maturity is a significant mediator between CEO duality and insolvency risk and between board size and insolvency risk relationships. However, the capital structure did not mediate any of the proposed links.

Research limitations/implications

This study suggests using more long-term debt to tackle insolvency risk in listed non-financial firms of Pakistan. It is also inferred that decisions regarding debt maturity are more crucial than capital structure decisions because insolvency risk is concerned.

Originality/value

This study evaluates the comparative mediating role of the debt maturity and the capital structure. Such role is uncommon in the literature addressing the relationship between governance variables and insolvency risk.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: The study was funded by Major Research Project of Philosophy and Social Science in Colleges and Universities of Jiangsu Province (No. 2018SJZDA006) and Research Project of The Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. 18GLB012).

Citation

Hussain, R.Y., Wen, X., Hussain, H., Saad, M. and Zafar, Z. (2020), "Do leverage decisions mediate the relationship between board structure and insolvency risk? A comparative mediating role of capital structure and debt maturity", South Asian Journal of Business Studies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-05-2020-0150

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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