This chapter considers how observers can effectively and safely engage with unethical organizational behaviors. Engagement methods need to be aligned with the situational contexts of specific cases. Micro-level individual, meso-level organizational, and macro-level environmental contextual obstacles to effective and safe engagement are considered. Five types of observer ethics engagement methods are considered in the context of specific cases and contextual obstacles. Engagement methods considered are as follows: (1) evocation and framing of dialogic engagement as consistent with the identity, vision, and values of the organization; (2) win–win incentive and ethics networking methods; (3) internal and external whistle-blowing methods; (4) if the observer is in a position of organizational power, top-down forcing methods; and (5) linking of observed unethical behaviors with strong external social movements.
Nielsen, R.P. (2019), "How Can Observers Effectively and Safely Engage with Unethical Organizational Behaviors?", Business Ethics (Business and Society 360, Vol. 3), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 211-237. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2514-175920190000003008
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