The five countries in Central Asia, namely Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan, are landlocked and therefore rely critically on aviation for passenger travel and express cargo logistics. However, despite substantial growth in the past decade, the aviation market in the region is still not realizing its full potential. This chapter reviews the development status of the international air travel market from Central Asia, with an aim of identifying the key barriers for industrial development and growth, and possible remedies to address these challenges. Overall, our study suggests that international market growth from the region is significantly influenced by historical patterns and political ties with Russia. Whereas markets linking selected countries such as Turkey and the UAE have experienced substantial growth, further liberalization is needed for the region to achieve better connectivity with major trade partners and aviation markets.
We are grateful for the helpful comments provided by Jan Hoffmann, James Peoples, and participants at the 2017 LISS conference in Kyoto University and the 2017 Exploring Connectivity in Landlocked Developing Countries Conference in the United Nations House in Ulaanbaatar. Financial supports from the International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Country and the University of Sydney are gratefully acknowledged. Findings of the study have also been reported in “Exploring Connectivity in LLDCs – Transport Connectivity,” which is not copyrighted and can be downloaded for free at http://land-locked.org/.
Czerny, A.I., Fu, X., Hua, G., Lei, Z. and Wang, K. (2018), "Market Development and Aviation Liberalization in Central Asia", Airline Economics in Asia (Advances in Airline Economics, Vol. 7), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 61-77. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2212-160920180000007005Download as .RIS
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