This chapter seeks to explain why Spanish companies are so active in Global Compact (GC) initiative, while their external environment is worse than other European countries. From 2010 onwards, Spain ranks first in business participants in GC initiative, ahead of European countries with higher levels of transparency and higher quality of governance.
In this chapter we relate the Spanish evolution of GC signatories and external uncertainty (measured by Worldwide Governance Indicators and Corruption Perception Index); pointing out two theoretical approaches: Institutional and Social Identity Theories.
Economic perspective is not sufficient to explain the companies’ adhesion to the GC initiative. In this chapter we explain the companies’ behaviour regarding to the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities from a social perspective.
This chapter provides a response to understand the active behaviour of Spanish companies regarding to GC initiative.
Originality/value of the chapter
This is the first study that analyses the relationship between the GC evolution in a country and its external uncertainty. Moreover it contributes to the CSR field by providing two theoretical approaches that offer complementary explanation and advance our knowledge about the GC motivations.
We appreciate the collaboration of the Spanish Local Network, with special thanks to the General Manager, Isabel Garro, for providing us with the GC Spanish data.
Coscollar, M.d.À., Dolz, C.D. and Linares-Navarro, E. (2015), "Why Do Spanish Firms Engage in the Global Compact Initiative? An Explanation from Institutional and Social Identity Theories", The UN Global Compact: Fair Competition and Environmental and Labour Justice in International Markets (Advances in Sustainability and Environmental Justice, Vol. 16), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 123-144. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2051-503020140000016020
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