(2019), "Prelims", Schulz, J., Robinson, L., Khilnani, A., Baldwin, J., Pait, H., Williams, A.A., Davis, J. and Ignatow, G. (Ed.) Mediated Millennials (Studies in Media and Communications, Vol. 19), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. i-xvii. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2050-206020190000019013
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2020 Emerald Publishing Limited
STUDIES IN MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS
Series Editors: Shelia R. Cotten, Laura Robinson and Jeremy Schulz
Volumes 8–10: Laura Robinson and Shelia R. Cotten
Volume 11 Onwards: Laura Robinson, Shelia R. Cotten and Jeremy Schulz
|Volume 6:||Human Rights and Media - Edited by Diana Papademas|
|Volume 7:||school Shootings: Mediatized Violence in a Global Age - Edited by Glenn W. Muschert and Johanna Sumiala|
|Volume 8:||Communication and Information Technologies Annual: Doing and Being Digital: Mediated Childhoods - Edited by Laura Robinson, Shelia R. Cotton and Jeremy Schulz|
|Volume 9:||Communication and Information Technologies Annual: Politics, Participation, and Production - Edited by Laura Robinson, Shelia R. Cotten and Jeremy Schulz|
|Volume 10:||Communication and Information Technologies Annual: Digital Distinctions and Inequalities - Edited by Laura Robinson, Shelia R. Cotten, Jeremy Schulz, Timothy M. Hale and Apryl Williams|
|Volume 11:||Communication and Information Technologies Annual: [New] Media Cultures - Edited by Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz, Shelia R. Cotten, Timothy M. Hale, Apryl A. Williams and Joy L. Hightower|
|Volume 12:||Communication and Information Technologies Annual: Digital Empowerment: Opportunities and Challenges of Inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean - Edited by Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz and Hopeton S. Dunn|
|Volume 13:||Brazil: Media from the Country of the Future - ESMC Volume Editors: Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz and Apryl Williams; Guest Volume Editors: Pedro Aguiar, John Baldwin, Antonio C. La Pastina, Monica Martinez, Sonia Virgínia Moreira, Heloisa Pait and Joseph D. Straubhaar; Volume Guest Associate and Assistant Editors: Sayonara Leal and Nicole Speciale|
|Volume 14:||social Movements and Media - Edited by Jennifer Earl and Deana A. Rohlinger|
|Volume 15:||e-Health: Current Evidence, Promises, Perils and Future Directions – Edited by Timothy M. Hale, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou and Shelia R. Cotten; Assistant Editor: Aneka Khilnani|
|Volume 16:||Media and Power in International Contexts: Perspectives on Agency and Identity - Edited by Apryl Williams & Laura Robinson; Guest Editor: Ruth Tsuria; Associate Editor: Aneka Khilnani|
|Volume 17:||networks, Hacking and Media - CITAMS@30: Now and Then and Tomorrow - Edited by Barry Wellman, Laura Robinson, Casey Brienza, Wenhong Chen and Shelia R. Cotten; Associate Editor: Aneka Khilnani|
|Volume 18:||the M in CITAMS@30: Media Sociology - Edited by Casey Brienza, Laura Robinson, Barry Wellman, Shelia R. Cotten and Wenhong Chen|
EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS
University of North Carolina- Greensboro
University of Minnesota
University of Michigan
University of San Andrés
University of San Andrés
University of Oxford
Geoffrey C. Bowker
University of California, Irvine
Media Sociology Preconference
University of Oxford
University of Southern California
University of Texas at Austin
Lynn Schofield Clark
University of Denver
Jenny L. Davis
Australian National University
Hopeton S. Dunn
University of the West Indies
University of Arizona
University of San Francisco
University of Southern California
International Computer Science Institute
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Sydney
University of North Texas
Samantha Nogueira Joyce
Saint Mary’s College of California
Antonio C. La Pastina
Texas A&M University
Michigan State University
University of Brasilia
University of York
University of Sorocaba
Illinois Institute of Technology
University of Haifa
Sonia Virgínia Moreira
Rio de Janeiro State University
University of Oxford
C. J. Pascoe
University of Oregon
University of Western Ontario
University of Illinois at Chicago
University of Paris
University of Redlands
Markus S. Schulz
International Sociological Association
Joseph D. Straubhaar
University of Texas at Austin
Michigan State University
Catholic University of Milan
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
Santa Clara University
George Mason University
University of Liverpool
Studies in Media and Communications Volume 19
Researcher, Institute for the Study of Societal Issues, UC Berkeley, USA
Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Santa Clara University, USA
Candidate M.D., The George Washington University, USA
Professor, School of Communication, Illinois State University, USA
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, São Paulo State University-Marilia, Brazil
Apryl A. Williams
Fellow, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University, USA
Lecturer, School of Sociology, The Australian National University, Australia
Professor and Graduate Director, Department of Sociology, University of North Texas, USA
Sponsored by the ASA Section on Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology
United Kingdom – North America – Japan – India – Malaysia – China
Emerald Publishing Limited
Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley BD16 1WA, UK
First edition 2020
Copyright © 2020 Emerald Publishing Limited
Reprints and permissions service
No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying issued in the UK by The Copyright Licensing Agency and in the USA by The Copyright Clearance Center. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the text, illustrations or advertisements. The opinions expressed in these chapters are not necessarily those of the Editor or the publisher.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN: 978-1-83909-078-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-83909-077-6 (Online)
ISBN: 978-1-83909-079-0 (Epub)
|About the Editors||ix|
|About the Authors||xiii|
|PART I MILLENNIALS AND MEDIA|
|Introduction to Volume 19: “Millennials and Media”|
|Aneka Khilnani, Jeremy Schulz, Laura Robinson, John Baldwin, Heloisa Pait, Apryl Williams, Jenny Davis and Gabe Ignatow||3|
|Chapter 1 Millennials Usher a Post-digital Era: Theorizing How Generation Y Engages with Digital Media|
|PART II THE MILLENNIAL SOCIAL SELF|
|Chapter 2 A Story of Love and Hate: Smartphones in Students’ Lives|
|Vered Elishar-Malka, Yaron Ariel and Ruth Avidar||33|
|Chapter 3 Online-Offline Social Ties in Massive Multiplayer Online Games|
|Juan G. Arroyo-Flores||51|
|Chapter 4 Do No Harm Lest Others Do Harm to You: Self-protection and Risk Management by Generation Y on Social Media|
|Katarzyna Wodniak and Anne Holohan||71|
|PART III VISUAL CULTURE AND CREATION OF THE SELF|
|Chapter 5 I Want My YouTube! Trends in Early Youth-created Music Videos (2007-2013)|
|Steven J. Kendrat and Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay||91|
|Chapter 6 Digital Photography and the Morselization of Communicative Memory|
|PART IV MILLENNIALS, NEWS, AND THE DIGITAL PUBLIC SPHERE|
|Chapter 7 The First Twitter Handle(s) of the United States: An Information Processing Perspective on Twitter Use by the President of the United States and its Effect on Millennials|
|John Xeller and David J. Atkin||129|
|Chapter 8 Embracing the Visual, Verbal, and Viral Media: How Post-millennial Consumption Habits are Reshaping the News|
|Chris Gentilviso and Deb Aikat||147|
|PART V UN-MEDIATED MILLENNIALS AND INEQUALITIES|
|Chapter 9 Poverty and the Shadow of Utopian Internet Theory: Insights From Interviews with Unemployed Internet Users Living Below the Poverty Line|
|David J. Park||175|
|Chapter 10 The Lan House Phenomenon: Exploring the Uses and Symbolic Functions of the Internet Among Low-income Brazilian Youth|
|Juliana Maria (da Silva) Trammel||199|
About the Editors
John Baldwin (PhD, Arizona State University, 1994) is a professor of culture and communication, communication theory and qualitative research methods at Illinois State University. He has co-edited a book on definitions of culture (Redefining Culture, 2006) and co-authored a textbook, Intercultural Communication for Everyday Life (2014). His areas of interest include intercultural and intergroup communication, including adjustment, competence, as well as identity, prejudice, and tolerance. Recent research focuses on the social construction of identities in Brazilian rock music of the dictatorship era. He is conversationally fluent in Spanish and Portuguese, but also has interests in other languages and cultures.
Aneka Khilnani is a medical student at George Washington University. She holds a M.S. in Physiology from Georgetown University and is currently Associate Editor of the book series Emerald Studies in Media and Communications and has worked on the editorial team for volumes including e-Health: Current Evidence, Promises, Perils, and Future Directions. Before starting medical school, she graduated from Santa Clara University with a B.S. in Public Health Science (Summa Cum Laude and Phi Beta Kappa). Her past research was supported by a $30,000 grant from the Health Trust Initiative to support dietary change among low-income women in the San Jose Guadalupe area. She is currently working on a co-authored book manuscript on digital research methods.
Heloisa Pait Fulbright Alumna, teaches at the São Paulo State University Julio de Mesquita Filho, and investigates the role of new means of communication in democratic life. In her doctoral dissertation, she analyzed how soap opera writers and viewers attempted to make mass communication a meaningful activity. She has written on the reception of international news, on media use by Brazilian youth, and on the disruptive role of the internet in the Brazilian political environment. She has recently redirected her attention to the understanding of the historic roots of Brazilian development and democracy. She writes extensively for the general public on media, culture and politics; she has recently founded Revista Pasmas, a women’s cultural online magazine.
Laura Robinson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at Santa Clara University. She earned her PhD from UCLA, where she held a Mellon Fellowship in Latin American Studies and received a Bourse d’Accueil at the École Normale Supérieure. In addition to holding a postdoctoral fellowship at the USC Annenberg Center, Robinson has served as Affiliated Faculty at the ISSI at UC Berkeley, Visiting Assistant Professor at Cornell University, and Visiting Scholar at Trinity College Dublin. She is Series Co-Editor for Emerald Studies in Media and Communications and a past chair for the ASA Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology section. Her track record includes thirty five publications including six edited books and seventeen peer-reviewed articles in top-tier journals including Sociological Methodology, Information, Communication and Society, New Media & Society, and Sociology. Several of her publications have earned awards from CITASA, AOIR, and NCA IICD.
Jeremy Schulz After finishing his PhD at UC Berkeley and a postdoctoral appointment at Cornell University sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the American Sociological Association, he is now a researcher at the Institute for the Study of Societal Issues at UC Berkeley. In addition to serving as Research Affiliate at the Cambridge Institute for Family Enterprise, he has also served as an Affiliate at the UC San Diego Center for Research on Gender in the Professions and a Council Member of the ASA Section on Consumers and Consumption. His article, “Zoning the Evening,” received the Shils-Coleman Award from the ASA Theory Section. His publications include “Talk of Work” published in Theory and Society and “Shifting Grounds and Evolving Battlegrounds,” published in the American Journal of Cultural Sociology. He has also done research and published in several other areas, including digital media, theory, qualitative research methods, work and family, and consumption.
Apryl Williams received her PhD in Sociology from Texas A&M University in 2017 with a designated focus in race, media, and culture. Currently, she is Assistant Professor at Susquehanna University and Fellow at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Her research follows two broad streams of inquiry: cultural studies of race, gender, and community in digital spaces and mobile phone and digital technology use in developing countries. She theorizes digital media as it converges with issues concerning race / ethnicity, gender, and communal identity. In addition to her domestic research agenda, she conducts research on socio-political conflict, mobile phone use, and digital inequality in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Her work can be found in several peer reviewed outlets including Social Sciences, the International Journal of Communication, and Information, Communication & Society. Her other academic interests include intersectionality, social theory, postmodernism, technology, and embodiment.
Jenny L. Davis
Jenny L. Davis is Lecturer/Assistant Professor at The Australian National University. She received her PhD in Sociology from Texas A&M University in 2012. Her work intersects technology studies and sociological social psychology. Her work has been funded by the National Science Foundation and the American Sociological Association. In 2018, the project received an ANU Futures Scheme grant to design new measures and test interventions such as reading, writing, and virtual reality simulation. The laboratory at ANU is the sole site of experimental methods in Australian Sociology (https://www.role-taking.com/). Along with laboratory study, Jenny is interested in the real world implications of emergent technologies. She received an ARC DECRA grant in 2019 to study ethics in the Australian digital startup industry, and she is part of the Humanisng Machine Intelligence (HMI) project at the ANU. She co-edits the Cyborgology Blog, a theoretical and interdisciplinary publication that fuses social theory and technology. (https://thesocietypages.org/cyborgology/).
Gabe Ignatow is Professor of Sociology and Director of Graduate Studies at the University of North Texas. His research interests are mainly in the areas of sociological theory, digital research methods, cognitive social science, and the philosophy of social science. His most recent books are Text Mining and An Introduction to Text Mining, both co-authored with Rada Mihalcea (University of Michigan). He is also a co-editor, with Wayne Brekhus (University of Missouri), of the Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Sociology.
About the Authors
A former journalist, Deb Aikat has been a faculty member of Media and Journalism since 1995 in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. He is co-author of the 2019 book, Agendamelding: News, social media, audiences, and civic community with Dr. Don Shaw, Dr. Milad Minooie and Dr. Chris Vargo. Aikat’s research has been published in book chapters and refereed journals such as First Amendment Studies, Health Communication, Global Media and Communication, Popular Music and Society, Convergence: The Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, and publications of the Association for Computing Machinery and the Microsoft Corporation. Aikat worked as a journalist in India for Ananda Bazar Patrika’s The Telegraph newspaper and reported for the BBC World Service. He founded in 2015 the South Asia Communication Association, which unites professors and professionals in examining South Asia and its diaspora worldwide. He completed in 1990 a Certificate in American Political Culture from the New York University. Aikat earned in 1995 a Ph. D. in Media and Journalism from Ohio University’s Scripps School of Journalism.
Yaron Ariel (Ph.D., University of Haifa) is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Communication of the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Israel. His areas of expertise include the new media, interactivity and computer mediated communication. Specifically, he studies mobile media and social media from a user-centered perspectives. His work has been published in books including Oxford Handbook of Internet Psychology, Psychological Aspects of Cyberspace (Cambridge) and refereed journals including Telematics and Informatics, Media, War and Conflict, Atlantic Journal of Communication and more.
Juan G. Arroyo-Flores
Juan G. Arroyo-Flores is a Ph.D. candidate in Sociology at the University of South Florida. He is a McKnight Doctoral Fellow and holds a BA and MA in Sociology from the University of Puerto Rico. His doctoral dissertation aims to address multiplayer online gamers’ identity and social networks management (online and offline) using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Juan’s primary research interests are digital culture, media sociology, and social network analysis. Currently, he is working on projects including the Puerto Rican vote in the USA after the 2017 hurricanes; and social network analysis of risky behaviors among seasonal Latina workers and MSM in Florida.
David J. Atkin
David J. Atkin (Ph.D., Mass Media, Michigan State) is Professor of Communication at the University of Connecticut. He has done grant-supported work on the adoption, use and regulation of new media , and political communication. Atkin received the field’s Krieghbaum Under-40 award, granted annually to a junior scholar for distinction in research. He’s ranked among the 80 most prolific scholars in the history of our discipline, the 25 most prolific since 1995, and the two most prolific scholars in telecom as well as communication policy. Books include Communication Technology & Society, The Televiewing Audience, and Communication Technology & Social Change.
Ruth Avidar (Ph.D., University Haifa), is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Communication of the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Israel. Her research focuses on online public relations, social media, marketing communications, computer mediated communication, and new technologies, and it has been published in leading refereed journals. Ruth worked for two years as a policy advisor in the Israeli Knesset (parliament) and almost a decade as a spokesperson in various Israeli businesses and nonprofit organizations.
Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay
Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay is Assistant Professor of Communications at the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University. She holds BS degrees in Brain and Cognitive Science and Comparative Media Studies from MIT, an MA degree from the School of Cinematic Arts and a PhD in Social Psychology from the University of Southern California. Charisse investigates how media affect the way users think about themselves and others, and how media can construct and reaffirm positive identities. Her upcoming book, Consumer Verité: The American Psychosocial Relationship with 20th Century Media (Routledge), investigates how American users have historically engaged with media technology to describe, analyze, and predict their adoption habits with future technology.
Vered Elishar-Malka (Ph.D., Hebrew University of Jerusalem) is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Communication of the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Israel. Her research focuses on political communication, deliberative communication, the Internet as a journalistic work tool, and the roles of new media in contemporary society.
Chris Gentilviso is a Roy H. Park Fellow at the School of Media and Journalism at the University of North Carolina. He holds a B.S. in journalism from Northwestern University and an M.A. in Media & Communication from UNC. Chris’ research focuses on how news organizations are adapting to new technologies and responding to consumers’ evolving interests. He also wrote and reported on politics and policy issues in local communities across North Carolina. His professional media experience includes digital roles at TIME.com in New York, N.Y., The Huffington Post in Washington, D.C. and Capitol Broadcasting Company in Raleigh, N.C.
Anne Holohan is Associate Professor of Sociology at Trinity College Dublin. She received her PhD from the University of California Los Angeles, and has been a Marie Curie International Fellow at the University of Trento, Italy. She is Principal Investigator and Coordinator of Gaming for Peace (GAP) www.gap-project.eu, 2016-2019. The project is delivering a curriculum in soft skills for peacekeeping personnel in a role-playing digital game. She researches, publishes and teaches on digital technologies and their impact, organizational sociology, peacekeeping, networks, citizen science, gamification and ethnographic methods.
Steven J. Kendrat
Steven J. Kendrat is currently working towards a Master of Science for Teachers from Le Moyne College. He holds an M.A. in Media Studies and a B.S. in Television, Radio, & Film from Syracuse University’s S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications. He has received awards for his work in video and photography, and has collaborated with musicians, artists, and organizations to produce music videos and promotional works. Steven has also worked in arts education with the New York State Education Department. He is particularly interested in young people’s use of media for creative expression, specifically in an interactive, digital era.
Barry King is Professor of Communications at Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. He is the author (with Sean Cubitt, Harriet Margolies, and Thierry Jutel) of Studying the Event Film: The Lord of the Rings, Manchester University Press, (2008, 2014) and of Taking Fame to Market, Palgrave MacMillan (2014). He has also published a substantial number of articles that explore the relationships been popular culture, celebrity and stardom and digital media. He is a contributor and member of the editorial board of the journal Celebrity Studies. His other publications focus on creative labour, semiotic determinism, the sociology of acting and performance and the New Zealand Cultural industries. He is currently completing a book, Working as a Sign: on the sociology of acting.
David J. Park
David J. Park (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) is an associate Professor in the Department of Communication at Florida International University. He is an Author of Conglomerate Rock: The Music Industry’s Quest to Divide Music and Conquer Wallets (Lexington Books). His research interests include media technologies, political economy, media and culture, environmental sustainability, consumerism, and international communication. His scholarship appears in numerous journals and book chapters, and he serves on the editorial boards of several academic journals.
Juliana Maria (da Silva) Trammel
Juliana Maria (da Silva) Trammel is a professor of strategic communication and interim chair of the Department of Journalism & Mass Communications at Savannah State University. Her research interests include the intersection of gender, media, race and human communication, with a special focus on social media, women and early childhood communication in Brazil. Her most recent publication includes a chapter titled “Color Privileges, Humor, and Dialogues: Theorizing How People of African Descent in Brazil Communicatively Manage Stigmatization and Racial Discrimination,” published in a groundbreaking Black/Africana communication theory book. In addition to her scholarship, she has over 15 years of communication-related experience including social advocacy on Capitol Hill, higher education administration, teaching and consulting. She holds a Ph.D. in Communication and Culture from Howard University; an MA in Public Communication from American University; a BA in Journalism from Rust College. She was born and raised in Brazil and is fluent in Portuguese, English, and Spanish.
Katarzyna Wodniak (PhD, Department of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin) is an assistant Professor at the University of Social Sciences in Warsaw, Poland. Her main research interest is sociology of organizations and specifically inter-organizational cooperation and institutional change. She has participated in a number of research projects including a study on the institutional and organizational legacy of UEFA EURO 2012 in Poland, a pilot study on migration and education in Ireland, and her most recent project, an investigation of perceptions of the newly opened National Museum in Qatar. She has also lectured in a variety of sociology courses at Trinity College Dublin including Social Networks and Digital Lives, Comparative Welfare State, and Globalization and Development.
John Xeller (M.A., Higher Education Administration, Boston College) is Development Associate at Rectory School in Connecticut and completed extensive coursework in Communication at the University of Connecticut. As student in the graduate program and graduate teaching assistant, Xeller’s interests centered on political communication as well as persuasion and social influence. Prior to his time in Storrs, Xeller developed his skills as an educator at Boston College. Since moving on from UConn, Xeller has worked to refine existing and develop new communication strategies geared toward improving alumni engagement and “town and gown” relationships at Rectory School.
All of the ESMC editorial staff extend our appreciation to the many individuals who have contributed to this volume. We would like to call attention to the often unseen work of the many individuals whose support has been indispensable in publishing all volumes in the series, and this volume in particular. Regarding the Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association (CITAMS), we thank the Council for the section’s sponsorship of the series, as well as members of our Editorial Board for disseminating their service to the series. In particular, at Emerald Publishing, we deeply appreciate both Jen McCall’s and Katy Mathers’ support of the series and the Emerald editorial staff’s contributions bringing the volumes to press. Finally, we recognize our Guest Editors: Jenny Davis and Gabe Ignatow who shared their invaluable expertise.
- Part I: Millennials and Media
- Introduction to Volume 19: “Millennials and Media”
- Chapter 1: Millennials Usher a Post-Digital Era: Theorizing how Generation Y Engages with Digital Media
- Part II: The Millennial Social Self
- Chapter 2: A Story of Love and Hate: Smartphones in Students’ Lives
- Chapter 3: Online–Offline Social Ties in Massive Multiplayer Online Games
- Chapter 4: Do No Harm Lest Others Do Harm to You: Self-Protection and Risk Management by Generation Y on Social Media
- Part III: Visual Culture and Creation of the Self
- Chapter 5: I Want My Youtube! Trends in Early Youth-Created Music Videos (2007–2013)
- Chapter 6: Digital Photography and the Morselization of Communicative Memory
- Part IV: Millennials, News, and the Digital Public Sphere
- Chapter 7: The First Twitter Handle(s) of the United States: An Information Processing Perspective on Twitter use by the President of the United States and Its Effect on Millennials
- Chapter 8: Embracing the Visual, Verbal, and Viral Media: How Post-Millennial Consumption Habits are Reshaping the News
- Part V: Poverty and the Shadow of Utopian Internet Theory: Insights from Interviews with Unemployed Internet Users Living Below the Poverty Line
- Chapter 9: Poverty and the Shadow of Utopian Internet Theory: Insights from Interviews with Unemployed Internet Users Living Below the Poverty Line
- Chapter 10: The Lan House Phenomenon: Exploring the Uses and Symbolic Functions of the Internet Among the Low-Income Brazilian Youth