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Urban Accessibility in Belo Horizonte, Brazil: A Case Study of Mobility Practices and Demands of People with Disabilities in the Mobility Systems

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America: Evidence, Concepts, Methods

ISBN: 978-1-78769-010-3, eISBN: 978-1-78769-009-7

ISSN: 2044-9941

Publication date: 16 November 2020

Abstract

Since the 1990s, several policy instruments have been produced in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, to improve accessibility to urban mobility systems, especially for people with disabilities. However, the city still faces important shortcomings in understanding the demands of the population with disabilities and in implementing an appropriate urban structure. The present work identifies mobility practices and demands for accessibility of this population based on a descriptive analysis of the city’s origin/destination survey (2012) and results of a focus group with representatives of the population with disabilities and public authorities. The analysis demonstrates that the demands of persons with reduced mobility are characterised first by a high level of immobility, comparing to people without disabilities, which has important consequences on access to urban goods, especially jobs and health and educational services. Second, mobility has a relevant role in producing forms of discrimination and exclusion. Third, in addition to the problems faced by the general population, people with reduced mobility also face greater challenges in using transport systems. Ultimately, this analysis points out that the main needs for people with disabilities are related to the problems of articulation between public places and transportation systems, both in terms of infrastructure and in terms of attitude and behaviour of service providers and other citizens.

Keywords

Citation

Pinto, A.M.A., Oliveira, M.F.D., Cordeiro, B.B. and Oliveira, L.L.H.S.e. (2020), "Urban Accessibility in Belo Horizonte, Brazil: A Case Study of Mobility Practices and Demands of People with Disabilities in the Mobility Systems", Oviedo, D., Duarte, N.V. and Pinto, A.M.A. (Ed.) Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America: Evidence, Concepts, Methods (Transport and Sustainability, Vol. 12), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 209-233. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2044-994120200000012014

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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