Long haul freight transport imposes huge negative environmental externalities on society. Although these can never be entirely eliminated, they can be reduced. The purpose of this chapter is to analyse some of the many mitigating measures, or interventions, that can be used.
The approach used in this chapter is to review the literature and provide an overview of the main theoretical and practical mitigation measures available to transport operators.
There are literally thousands of possible mitigation measures and combinations that can be used by operators to reduce their environmental footprint. Each of these measures warrants a separate chapter. This chapter can only present an overview of the principle available measures. Although some mainland European examples are used, it is acknowledged that the examples used are somewhat skewed towards the United Kingdom.
Originality/value of the chapter
The value of the chapter is in bringing together some of the many measures and approaches that can be used to reduce the environmental externalities of long haul freight transport. Much of the information on such interventions is based on industrial and EU project sources rather than purely academic research and so is less likely to be found in academic journals.
The author wishes to acknowledge the financial contribution of The Sustainable Transport Initiative (STi) of the University of Gothenburg in writing this chapter. Also, the South East Scotland Transport Department (SESTRAN) for giving permission to use an earlier report as the basis of this chapter and the very helpful comments of two anonymous reviewers of an earlier draft.
Cullinane, S. (2014), "Mitigating the Negative Environmental Impacts of Long Haul Freight Transport", Sustainable Logistics (Transport and Sustainability, Vol. 6), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 31-61. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2044-994120140000006002
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