The Union of Myanmar is located in mainland Southeast Asia and shares borders with India, China, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Bangladesh. It is situated between the Himalayan ranges and the Bay of Bengal. Due to these diversified geographical features, Myanmar is highly vulnerable to different kinds of hazards, and has experienced many kinds of disasters in the past, according to the Hazard Profile of Myanmar (2009), such as cyclones, floods, storms, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts, and fires. For the general public, cyclones are considered the major menace in the country, however the recent earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9 in Shan state on March 24, 2011 made inhabitants realize that they are living with the risk of earthquakes as well. According to New Light of Myanmar (the State-run newspaper) on March 26, 2011, the earthquake resulted in 73 deaths (official record of the country). Besides earthquakes and cyclones, there have been many victims of landslides, and the people at coastal areas face the risk of tsunami in the case of earthquakes that occur in the Indian Ocean. In 2004, 61 people were killed in Myanmar by the Indian Ocean tsunami according to the Hazard Profile of Myanmar (2009). Furthermore, the year of 2011 witnessed chronic and severe floods all over the country.
Shikada, M., Than Myint, U., Ko Ko Gyi, U., Nakagawa, Y. and Shaw, R. (2012), "Chapter 10 Reaching the Unreachable: Myanmar Experiences of Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction", Shaw, R. (Ed.) Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 10), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 185-203. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2012)0000010016
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