The understanding of the term “civil society” has been given in many references. One reference is given by the London School of Economics Centre for Civil Society (2011), and its working definition is rather illustrative. Civil society, according to them, refers to the arena of collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values. The civil society commonly embraces a diversity of spaces, actors, and institutional forms, and varies in the degree of formality, autonomy, and power. Civil societies are often populated by organizations such as registered charities, development nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), professional associations, and community groups, such as women, youth, and faith-based or religious organizations. Those groups are seen as the nearest to the grassroots level and therefore could best accommodate their aspirations and needs. These groups are referred hereafter as Civil Society Organizations (CSOs).
Mulyasari, F. and Shaw, R. (2012), "Chapter 8 Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Role of Women, Youth, and Faith-Based Groups", Shaw, R. (Ed.) Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 10), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 131-150. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2012)0000010014Download as .RIS
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