Poland has traditionally been perceived as a net emigration country. The scale of the recent inflow of foreigners to the country, however, places Poland among those states of growing attractiveness to migrants. Therefore, the main aim of this chapter is to present the Polish model of integration policy and describe the development of Poland's migration and integration policy at the national level. As the local perspective on migration and integration has become increasingly important, local policies are also presented through the example of several of the largest Polish cities. Additionally, the role of public discourse in shaping Polish society's attitude towards migrants is discussed. Finally, some aspects of economic migrants' integration are described.
Poland still lacks a long-term and comprehensive migration and integration policy that covers all areas of integration, and all categories of immigrants and so far only once, for a short period, has adopted migration policy at a national level. There is also little coordination among the different governmental bodies that deal with this issue. Therefore, only some of the crucial elements of integration policy at a national level, like the liberalization of the labour market, have occurred successfully. It seems that local policies, especially in large cities, have addressed more precisely various issues faced by immigrants, not only related to employment, and could foster the process of integration.
Migdał, A.M., Sułkowski, Ł. and Zając, A. (2020), "Macro Perspective of Integrating Migrants in Poland", Przytuła, S. and Sułkowski, Ł. (Ed.) Integration of Migrants into the Labour Market in Europe (Advanced Series in Management, Vol. 25), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 47-64. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1877-636120200000025005
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