The tourism experience model (TEM) is a meta-analytical, phenomenological inspired model of how tourists experience destinations. This essay argues that social and cultural psychology form only part of the analysis of how the tourist’s consciousness filters interactions. By considering the existential self versus the role-authentic self of social psychology, the TEM adds to social psychology’s scope explaining how and why tourists may experience social interactions. In addition, it models the dynamics of how the tourist experiences his own activity (exploratory vs. recreational). The model thereby goes beyond both the exclusive social focus and the ego-centric notion of the Individualism–Collectivism dichotomy.
Gnoth, J. (2014), "The Role of Social Psychology in the Tourism Experience Model (TEM)", Tourists’ Perceptions and Assessments (Advances in Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 8), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1871-317320140000008003Download as .RIS
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