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Chapter 2 SME International Mode Choice Over Time: Forging a Link Between the Uppsala Model and Transaction Cost Economics

Entrepreneurship in the Global Firm

ISBN: 978-1-78052-114-5, eISBN: 978-1-78052-115-2

ISSN: 1745-8862

Publication date: 20 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this chapter is to suggest a dynamic framework to investigate foreign market mode choices of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) over time.

Design/methodology/approach – We introduce a dynamic economic perspective drawing on the behavioural Uppsala Internationalisation Model (UIM) and the economic Transaction Cost Economics (TCE) framework. Often stigmatised as being static, TCE can benefit from the dynamic nature of the UIM. The UIM framework, however, can benefit from the economic determinants of the TCE.

Findings – We test the framework and our hypotheses in a dataset of 206 internationally operating German SMEs with the two data points initial and subsequent mode choice in the same foreign market. Thereby we demonstrate the hypothesised shifting effects of asset specificity and learning on the chosen foreign market mode over time.

Originality/value: The contribution of this chapter is on the link between the UIM and TCE. Particularly for SMEs, dynamics are relevant due to limited international experience and the notion of efficiency is important due to resource constraints. The investigation along the two data points, initial mode and subsequent mode, provides new insights into the effects of asset specificity and learning over time.

Keywords

Citation

Maekelburger, B., Schwens, C. and Kabst, R. (2011), "Chapter 2 SME International Mode Choice Over Time: Forging a Link Between the Uppsala Model and Transaction Cost Economics", Verbeke, A., Tavares-Lehmann, A.T. and Van Tulder, R. (Ed.) Entrepreneurship in the Global Firm (Progress in International Business Research, Vol. 6), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 21-49. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1745-8862(2011)0000006005

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited