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Chapter 1 Biotechnology and Agriculture: Current and Emerging Applications

Genetically Modified Food and Global Welfare

ISBN: 978-0-85724-757-5, eISBN: 978-0-85724-758-2

ISSN: 1574-8715

Publication date: 25 July 2011

Abstract

Research at universities and other public-sector institutions, largely focused on advancing knowledge, has aroused enormous optimism about the promise of these DNA-based technologies. This in turn has led to large private-sector investments on maize, soybean, canola, and cotton, with wide adoption of the research products in about eight countries. Much has been made of the potential of biotechnology to address food needs in the low-income countries, and China, India, and Brazil have large public DNA-based crop variety development efforts. But other lower income developing countries have little capability to use these tools, even the most straightforward marker applications. Ensuring that these and other applications of biotechnology lead to products that are well adapted to local agriculture requires adaptive research capacity that is lacking in the lowest income, most food-insecure nations. We are less optimistic than many others that private research will fund these needs.

Keywords

Citation

Herdt, R.W. and Nelson, R. (2011), "Chapter 1 Biotechnology and Agriculture: Current and Emerging Applications", Carter, C.A., Moschini, G. and Sheldon, I. (Ed.) Genetically Modified Food and Global Welfare (Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Vol. 10), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1574-8715(2011)0000010006

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited