Chapter 1 A study of endogenous fragmentation of states as deterrence to peace

Peace Science: Theory and Cases

ISBN: 978-1-84855-200-5, eISBN: 978-1-84855-201-2

ISSN: 1572-8323

Publication date: 29 July 2009


The fragmentation can either lead to an all-out civil war as in Sri Lanka or a frozen conflict as in Georgia. One of the main characteristics of fragmentation is the control of group members by their respective leaders. The chapter applies standard models of non-cooperative game theory to explain the endogenous fragmentation, which seeks to model the equilibrium formation of rival groups. Citizens become members of these rival groups and some sort of clientelism develops in which political leaders control their respective fragments of citizens. Once the divisions are created, the inter-group rivalry can trigger violent conflicts that may seriously damage the social fabric of a nation and threaten the prospect of peace for the people for a very long time. In other words, our main goal in this chapter is to understand the formation of the patron–client relationship or what is called clientelisation.


Gangopadhyay, P. and Chatterji, M. (2009), "Chapter 1 A study of endogenous fragmentation of states as deterrence to peace", Gangopadhyay, P. and Chatterji, M. (Ed.) Peace Science: Theory and Cases (Contributions to Conflict Management, Peace Economics and Development, Vol. 11), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-65.

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