Authenticity & Tourism

ISBN: 978-1-78754-817-6, eISBN: 978-1-78754-816-9

ISSN: 1571-5043

Publication date: 14 September 2018


(2018), "Prelims", Authenticity & Tourism (Tourism Social Science Series, Vol. 24), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. i-xvi.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018 Emerald Publishing Limited

Half Title Page

Tourism Social Science Series

Volume 24

Authenticity & Tourism: Materialities, Perceptions, Experiences

Series Page

Tourism Social Science Series

Series Editor: Jafar Jafari

University of Wisconsin-Stout, USA

Universitat de les Illes Balears, Spain


The books in this Tourism Social Science Series (TSSSeries) are intended to systematically and cumulatively contribute to the formation, embodiment and advancement of knowledge in the field of tourism.

The TSSSeries’ multidisciplinary framework and treatment of tourism includes application of theoretical, methodological, and substantive contributions from such fields as anthropology, business administration, ecology, economics, geography, history, hospitality, leisure, planning, political science, psychology, recreation, religion, sociology, transportation, etc., but it significantly favors state-of-the-art presentations, works featuring new directions, and especially the cross-fertilization of perspectives beyond each of these singular fields. While the development and production of this book series is fashioned after the successful model of Annals of Tourism Research, the TSSSeries further aspires to assure each theme a comprehensiveness possible only in book-length academic treatment. Each volume in the series is intended to deal with a particular aspect of this increasingly important subject, thus to play a definitive role in the enlarging and strengthening of the foundation of knowledge in the field of tourism, and consequently to expand the frontiers of knowledge into the new research and scholarship horizons ahead.

Published TSSSeries titles:

Title Page

Tourism Social Science Series

Volume 24

Authenticity & Tourism: Materialities, Perceptions, Experiences


University of Nottingham, UK



United Kingdom – North America – Japan – India – Malaysia – China

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley BD16 1WA, UK

First edition 2018

Copyright © 2018 Emerald Publishing Limited

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No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying issued in the UK by The Copyright Licensing Agency and in the USA by The Copyright Clearance Center. Any opinions expressed in the chapters are those of the authors. Whilst Emerald makes every effort to ensure the quality and accuracy of its content, Emerald makes no representation implied or otherwise, as to the chapters’ suitability and application and disclaims any warranties, express or implied, to their use.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN: 978-1-78754-817-6 (Print)

ISBN: 978-1-78754-816-9 (Online)

ISBN: 978-1-78754-818-3 (EPub)

ISSN: 1571-5043 (Series)


This volume is dedicated to Professor Daniel Knudsen, our friend, our mentor, our favorite philosopher.

List of Figures

Chapter 2
Figure 1 Image of Destination Welcome Sign to Napa Valley 22
Chapter 4
Figure 1 The Farm Photographed in 2017 62
Figure 2 Tourists in Cacao Plantation 63
Figure 3 Tourists in the Chocolate Factory 63
Chapter 5
Figure 1 Balcony, Juliet’s Statue, and Love Notes 78
Figure 2 Views of the Balcony and Associated Scenes 79
Chapter 6
Figure 1 Panyard Locations in Trinidad and Tobago 91
Figure 2 Steelpan Events and Locations in Trinidad and Tobago 104
Figure 3 A Makeshift Pantent in Port of Spain with Authentic Steelpans 105
Figure 4 Three Children on a Hill in Tobago Playing for the Author 106
Chapter 7
Figure 1 Location of the Schist Villages Network in Portugal 116
Chapter 8
Figure 1 “Real Ireland” 138
Figure 2 Cottage Rathbaun Farm Co. Galway 139
Figure 3 Red-haired Young Man 140
Figure 4 Oliver St. John Gogarty’s Bar in Temple Bar, Dublin 141
Figure 5 Thinking of Ireland 142
Chapter 9
Figure 1 Themes Depicting the Interrelationships in Authentic Food Definitions 158
Figure 2 Erik’s Memorable Gastronomic Experience 160
Chapter 11
Figure 1 Canterbury Christ Church “Golden Night” Event 189
Figure 2 Canterbury Cathedral, Cathedrales en Lumière 191
Figure 3 Amiens Chroma 193
Chapter 12
Figure 1 Organizational Framework to Incorporate Ethics in Ecotourism 205
Figure 2 Organizational Framework for Nature-based Tourism Products 210
Figure 3 Locations of Pain Receptors of Rainbow Trout 211
Figure 4 Northern Luangwa National Park and Nsefu Game Reserve 214
Chapter 13
Figure 1 Sunrise from Bald Mountain, Adirondacks 227
Chapter 14
Figure 1 Touring Angkor Wat 239

List of Tables

Chapter 3
Table 1 Posts by Category of Interpreted Authenticity 39
Table 2 Top 10 Commented Posts 39
Table 3 Top 10 Liked (and Reacted) Posts 40
Table 4 Authentic Inquiry Based on Question Types Proposed (N = 113) 41
Table 5 Authentic Production Categories (N = 86) 44
Table 6 Authentic Encounter Categories (N = 37) 49
Chapter 7
Table 1 Evolution of Indicators of National Tourism 113
Table 2 Evolution of Indicators of Rural Tourism 114
Table 3 Tourist Respondents (N = 441) 118
Table 4 Residents Respondents (N = 218) 119
Table 5 Economic Operators (N = 51) 119
Table 6 Entity Respondents (N = 41) 120
Table 7 Test of Significance among the Three Stakeholder Groups 122
Chapter 9
Table 1 Benefits of Photo-elicitation 149
Table 2 Four Qualities to Frame Authentic Food 151
Table 3 Quotes from Participants on Authenticity of Food 156
Table 4 Authentic Bolognese Sauce Themes 157
Table 1 Characterizing Authenticity 254


October 2016. I am standing on a train platform in Bolzano-Bozen, in the heart of South Tyrol and gateway to the Italian Dolomites, having just spent three days at the “Authenticity & Tourism” workshop. Enjoying the ambiance of the variety of languages that surrounded me on that platform, an animated voice with familiar accent caught my ear: Americans! In most instances I would keep to myself, but hearing them mention “the folks back in Kentucky” drew me closer and I felt compelled to say hello and comment on the small world – me born and raised in southern Indiana, United States, running into people from the “Bluegrass” state in Italy.

When asked why I was in Bolzano, I said simply, “a conference”, hoping not to have to talk about authenticity anymore, at least for a few days anyway.

Immediately, though, they asked for further details; “oh, well, um, on authenticity in tourism,” I said.

“Oh! Really!,” replied one man.

“That sounds interesting!,” exclaimed his companion.

Then, the first man pushed, “like what about authenticity?”, to which I responded, “well, the big question that is debated in my area of research is whether authenticity matters to tourists.”

Thinking, hoping, this would sum it up and the train would arrive already. It, of course, only opened the can of worms ….

“Of course. Of course, it matters! It matters so much when I’m travelling”, he started to explain.

I could not help myself, “oh yeah. So what types of things are you looking for when you travel? Authenticity in what sense?”

The man, and his two companions, paused for a moment of thinking before they started to mumble and get a bit tongue-tied, finally saying, “well, um, you know … the culture, stuff like that”, as another spoke up, “right, the places and the people, and…”, interrupted by another, “yeah, yeah, like that and history….”

Just then the train pulled into the station and through the noise and rush to get on board and find our seats, I did not see them again, which was fine. I was not especially in the mood to spend the next four hours to Munich discussing the issue (the past three days had been enough). As I settled into my seat, I jotted down notes on the encounter and chuckled. Does authenticity matter? Of course it does, but in ways no one has been able to fully pin down, not even the tourists who are out there searching for it. Perhaps that is what makes it so interesting for academics and for tourists – the chase.

This book has been inspired not by this moment alone, but innumerable moments like this: encounters with tourists through research, with fellow tourists while on holiday, and with myself reflexively questioning what I hope to find (and why I am sometimes disappointed with the reality). With a decade of research on the topic, I am only slightly further along in understanding this elusive concept, but just as eager to keep chasing it.

Jillian M. Rickly