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Real Earnings Management in Family Firms in Indonesia

Reny Damayanti Safitri (Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia)
Tastaftiyan Risfandy (Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia)
Inas Nurfadia Futri (Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia)
Rizky Yudaruddin (Mulawarman University, Indonesia)

Macroeconomic Risk and Growth in the Southeast Asian Countries: Insight from Indonesia

ISBN: 978-1-83797-043-8, eISBN: 978-1-83797-042-1

Publication date: 9 November 2023


The practice of real earnings management (REM) or earnings manipulation through the company’s real activities is increasingly widespread. Companies that want to achieve profit targets have switched from accrual-based to REM, especially in the firm family owner, who is an active manager. Our study aims to determine whether family ownership in a company will be a factor in the existence of greater REM practices. The authors collected 2,613 observational data from non-financial companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) during 2013–2018 using a purposive sampling method and then analyzed using panel random effect (RE) regression. The results show that family ownership significantly negatively affects abnormal operating cash flow which means that family firms are more likely to reduce operating cash flow to report higher income than non-family firms. Thus, it can be concluded that family firms in Indonesia are more likely to be involved in REM than non-family firms.



Safitri, R.D., Risfandy, T., Futri, I.N. and Yudaruddin, R. (2023), "Real Earnings Management in Family Firms in Indonesia", Barnett, W.A. and Sergi, B.S. (Ed.) Macroeconomic Risk and Growth in the Southeast Asian Countries: Insight from Indonesia (International Symposia in Economic Theory and Econometrics, Vol. 33A), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 35-46.



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