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Exchange Rate Volatility and Tourist Arrivals from Asean to Malaysia

Eliza Nor (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
Tajul Ariffin Masron (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysis)
Xiang Hu (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)

Quantitative Analysis of Social and Financial Market Development

ISBN: 978-1-80117-921-8, eISBN: 978-1-80117-920-1

Publication date: 3 October 2022


This study analyzes the impact of exchange rate volatility (ERV) on inbound tourist arrivals from four ASEAN countries namely Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand during 1970–2017. Volatility in the exchange rates between the tourist currency and ringgit Malaysia is measured using the Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity model. The results from Autoregressive Distributed Lagged models indicate that ERV has no significant impact on tourist arrivals from ASEAN to Malaysia. This implies that tourists from these countries may not be sensitive to ERV when choosing Malaysia as their travel destination. There are two possible explanations for the results. First, Malaysian ringgit has been depreciating against major currencies and regional currencies in recent years, which makes ringgit relatively cheaper than other ASEAN currencies. Second, the empirical results of the study support the argument that ERV has a more serious impact on tourist spending compared to tourist arrivals.




This research received financial support from Universiti Sains Malaysia Bridging Incentive Grant No. 304.PMGT.6316405.


Nor, E., Masron, T.A. and Hu, X. (2022), "Exchange Rate Volatility and Tourist Arrivals from Asean to Malaysia", Barnett, W.A. and Sergi, B.S. (Ed.) Quantitative Analysis of Social and Financial Market Development (International Symposia in Economic Theory and Econometrics, Vol. 30), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 17-34.



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