Introduction: Micro and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent approximately 99.7% of enterprises in the EU, USA, Japan and about 98.7% in the Republic of Moldova. They provide two-thirds of private sector jobs and contribute more than half of the total value added created by existing businesses. Under these conditions, various action programmes are adopted to increase the competitiveness of SMEs through research and innovation and to improve access to finance. In addition, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has stimulated new reflections on economic recovery, reconstruction and strengthening the resilience of SMEs.
Aim: This chapter aims to give an overview of the SME development, the credit market, access to finance and leasing and to analyse the regulatory framework in terms of quantitative and qualitative criteria for SME classification and the advantages and shortcomings of credit guarantees in the Republic of Moldova. Moreover, in doing this it aims to examine the credit market trends in the SMEs sector and their impact on SMEs’ performance and development.
Method: This chapter uses quantitative data for trend analyses in order to investigate the SMEs access to the credit market, the effectiveness of SME potential funding sources in the Republic of Moldova and the impact of the pandemic on SME development.
Findings: The study found significant and positive role of the credit market in the SME sector development and positive impact on SME performance and economic development. Thus, the study concluded that in order for SMEs to remain competitive and profitable it is very important that they focus on innovation and continuously seek ways to access financial resources on the credit market. During the recent financial crisis, numerous commercial banks focussed considerable attention to SME funding via lending facilities and programmes specifically dedicated to the SME sector.
Originality of the Study: This chapter provides evidence on SME access to finance on the Moldovan credit market over the 2015–2020 period by using statistics on credit to both financial and non-financial markets and offers new insights into the topic area by emphasising the importance of the SMEs financing portfolio for the Moldova economic development.
Implications: The results of this chapter suggest that the future research would be aided by improvements in the collection of more data on the pandemic period and new financial techniques and practical products available on the credit market of SME.
Larisa, M., Eugenia, B. and Liliana, S. (2022), "The Credit Market for Small and Medium Enterprises in the Republic of Moldova", Grima, S., Özen, E. and Romānova, I. (Ed.) Managing Risk and Decision Making in Times of Economic Distress, Part B (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis, Vol. 108B), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 109-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1569-37592022000108B036
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