This study expands our knowledge about exposure to online hate material among users of the most popular social networking sites. It is the first study to take an in-depth look at the hate materials young people encounter online in terms of the sites where the material was located, how users found the site, the target of the hate material, and how disturbing users considered the material to be.
Oksanen, A., Hawdon, J., Holkeri, E., Näsi, M. and Räsänen, P. (2014), "Exposure to Online Hate among Young Social Media Users", Soul of Society: A Focus on the Lives of Children & Youth (Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, Vol. 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 253-273. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1537-466120140000018021
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