The causes and variations of social and material welfare form a widespread theme. Classical sociology attended primarily to social class, whereas modern sociology looks at variables such as gender, ethnicity, sexuality and physical and mental ability. Generation or age is proposed as an additional variable to social and material inequalities. Statistical offices have divided income by age brackets and accounted for ‘age-related’ public spending for decades, but it is only relatively recently that generational variations have been theorized. Structure-oriented scholars within social studies of childhood have suggested comparing and confronting the condition of children vis-à-vis the condition of adults and the elderly.
Johansen, V. (2009), "Children and distributive justice between generations", Qvortrup, J., Brown Rosier, K. and Kinney, D.A. (Ed.) Structural, Historical, and Comparative Perspectives (Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, Vol. 12), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 55-79. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1537-4661(2009)0000012008
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