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Identifying with Leaders from Another Race: The Impact of Pre-existing Leadership Assumptions and Eye Fixations

Advances in Global Leadership

ISBN: 978-1-83909-593-1, eISBN: 978-1-83909-592-4

ISSN: 1535-1203

Publication date: 19 October 2020

Abstract

This chapter investigated how pre-existing ideas (i.e., prototypes and antiprototypes) and what the eyes fixate on (i.e., eye fixations) influence followers' identification with leaders from another race. A sample of 55 Southeast Asian female participants assessed their ideal leader in terms of prototypes and antiprototype and then viewed a 27-second video of an engaging Caucasian female leader as their eye fixations were tracked. Participants evaluated the videoed leader using the Identity Leadership Inventory, in terms of four leader identities (i.e., prototypicality, advancement, entrepreneurship, and impresarioship). A series of multiregression models identified participants' age as a negative predictor for all the leader identities. At the same time, the antiprototype of masculinity, the prototypes of sensitivity and dynamism, and the duration of fixations on the right eye predicted at least one leader identity. Such findings build on aspects of intercultural communication relating to the evaluation of global leaders.

Keywords

Citation

Densten, I.L. (2020), "Identifying with Leaders from Another Race: The Impact of Pre-existing Leadership Assumptions and Eye Fixations", Osland, J.S., Szkudlarek, B., Mendenhall, M.E. and Reiche, B.S. (Ed.) Advances in Global Leadership (Advances in Global Leadership, Vol. 13), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 57-83. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1535-120320200000013002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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