Index

Team Dynamics Over Time

ISBN: 978-1-78635-404-4, eISBN: 978-1-78635-403-7

ISSN: 1534-0856

Publication date: 4 August 2017

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2017), "Index", Team Dynamics Over Time (Research on Managing Groups and Teams, Vol. 18), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 323-338. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1534-085620160000018017

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

ABM. See Agent-based modeling (ABM)

ACT
, 52–53

ACT CPS Game
, 64–66

CPS framework
, 57–58

holistic framework
, 55–58

Action phase

leadership functions
, 98, 99

processes
, 12, 244–245

Action process(es)
, 33, 112, 128

interpersonal and
, 137

phases
, 41

Acute stress
, 159

Adaptability
, 162, 244, 248

family
, 174

team
, 8, 31

over time
, 43

Adaptation
, 32–33, 156, 313–314

duration
, 37–39

and emergent states
, 44–45

frequency
, 39–41

and temporal considerations
, 34–41

adaptation duration
, 37–39

adaptation frequency
, 39–41

adaptation timing
, 34–37

timing
, 34–37

triggers
, 31, 33

Adaptive behavior
, 219

Adaptive performance

outcomes
, 36, 37, 39, 40–41

success
, 42–43

Adjourning stage, team development model
, 264

Affect management
, 12, 41, 110–111, 116

Affective motives
, 308, 310

Affective trust
, 127, 129, 143

Affiliation
, 237, 239, 241

Agent-based modeling (ABM)
, 274, 282–283

Alpha
, 74

bands
, 86

frequency oscillations
, 82

wave
, 78

American Psychological Association
, 252

Assessment

of collaborative skills
, 53

designers
, 55

framework
, 67

tasks
, 61

Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S)
, 51, 52–53

approach
, 62

ATC21S CPS
, 61–62

framework
, 56–57

ATC21S. See Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S)

Behavior(s)

collaboration
, 61

experimental analysis of
, 171–174

indicators
, 56–57

Big data
, 275, 276

Biopsychosocial “stress”
, 158

Bottom-up processes
, 271, 273, 280

Boundary enhancing and disruptive forces
, 304, 305, 311, 313, 318, 319

Boundary status and membership, component team
, 296–297

Boundary-enhancing forces
, 308

Broader linguistic profile
, 237

CBA. See Computer-based assessment (CBA)

Change over time
, 8, 96

leadership and team needs
, 104

forming
, 104–110

midpoint transitions
, 118

norming
, 111–114

performing
, 114–118

storming
, 110–111

See also Team trust over time

Chronic stress
, 159, 161, 170

CI. See Collaborative interactions (CI)

Circadian misalignment
, 160, 161

“Circuit Runner” game
, 65

Circumplex model
, 174, 175

Coaching
, 246

Coding behavioral patterns
, 62

Cognitive

domain
, 56–57

footprint
, 232

motives
, 309

process models
, 55–56, 232

skills
, 66–67

trust
, 127, 129

Cohesion
, 113, 156, 162, 174, 232, 262

cohesive processes
, 271

combining multilevel and temporal frameworks in context of
, 269–271

conceptualizing
, 262–263

different dimensions of cohesion at different points
, 268–269

team development and
, 264–266

Collaboration
, 54, 55–56, 67, 215, 247

behaviors
, 61

effective
, 64

integrative model of teamwork and
, 245

processes over time
, 55

productive
, 59

strand
, 58

team
, 31

Collaborative

data
, 53

task
, 54

Team Problem Model
, 193

Collaborative interactions (CI)
, 53, 66–67, 309

Collaborative problem-solving (CPS)
, 52, 54, 191, 246–247

conceptual frameworks for CPS dynamics
, 55–59, 60

data and log files
, 53–55

data-mining approaches
, 52–53

methodological advances for time-stamped CPS data
, 59, 61–68

and MITM
, 191–195

Collective emotional intelligence
, 13, 15–16

Communication
, 61, 167–169, 234, 246–247, 272

modalities
, 299

networks
, 299

Component team(s)
, 291, 294–295, 299

goals
, 290

interdependence
, 319

numbers
, 296–297

Composite capability
, 57–58

Composition decisions
, 17

Compositional attributes
, 295–296

influences of compositional attributes
, 297

and temporality
, 298

Computer-based assessment (CBA)
, 61, 65

Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL)
, 55, 57

Conceptual frameworks for CPS dynamics
, 55–59, 60

Conceptualization of team trust
, 128

Conflict
, 136–137

management
, 110, 249, 266

resolution
, 249

Conscientious individuals
, 6

Construction clarification
, 30

Content analysis
, 235, 276

examining verbal content
, 237, 238

LIWC program
, 236

Context
, 7, 250

multilevel and temporal frameworks in context of cohesion
, 269–271

role of
, 223–224

Contributor roles
, 11

Coordinated behavior
, 249

Coordination
, 112, 171, 239, 241–242, 246–247, 318

behavioral
, 191

of cognitive and social skills
, 56

components
, 250

criticality of
, 309

effective
, 112

team
, 9

verbal and non-verbal acts of social
, 76

Cortisol
, 158

Countermeasure development
, 156, 161, 170

CPS. See Collaborative problem-solving (CPS)

Creativity
, 9, 211, 221–222

Crew Resource Management (CRM)
, 220, 234

Cross-boundary MTSs
, 296–297

Cross-cutting capabilities domain
, 57–58

Cross-lagged effects
, 146, 147

CSCL. See Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL)

Culture
, 210

influence on team dynamics
, 210

context role
, 223–224

cultural diversity benefits to teams
, 221–222

culture in team development
, 212–221

exploring cultural values beyond Hofstede’s dimensions
, 224

future research
, 222–223

multicultural teams
, 210–211

team types
, 212

within selection and training systems
, 224–225

Data
, 53

cubes
, 74, 75, 86

methodological advances for time-stamped CPS data
, 59, 61–68

outcome data
, 54–55

process data
, 53–54

Data-mining

approaches
, 52–53

technique
, 63, 64–65

Decision support system
, 18

Deep-level composition
, 5, 15–16

effects
, 5

factors or group-living habits
, 164

variables
, 16

Delta
, 74, 76

Demographic

characteristics
, 210, 295

variables
, 5, 163

Developmental attributes
, 295–296, 300

influences of
, 301

and temporality
, 301–302

See also Compositional attributes; Linkage attributes

“Dialogue trees”
, 54, 66

Differential item functioning (DIF)
, 62

Differential test functioning (DTF)
, 62

Differentiation
, 138–140, 304–305, 308, 318

degree of
, 305

key factors of multiteam system
, 306

skill
, 223

social-psychological consequences
, 305, 308

social-psychological consequences of
, 305, 308–309

from stress research
, 38

structural feature
, 304

Dimensionality problem
, 74

Dimensions of cohesion
, 263, 264, 265, 268, 279

Disruptions over time, MTS adaptation to changes and
, 313–315

Disruptive forces
, 303, 305, 311, 313, 319

Distinction of adaptation
, 32

Divergence index interpretation
, 58

Diverse teams
, 10, 216, 221

abundance of culturally
, 212, 217

teamwork
, 220

Diversity
, 13–14, 210

“Dominant rhythm”
, 294–295, 312, 313, 319, 320

“Downward spiral”
, 16

DTF. See Differential test functioning (DTF)

Duration, adaptation
, 37–39

Dynamic(s)

capturing MTS dynamics over time
, 316

longitudinal studies
, 316–317

qualitative and quantitative approaches
, 317

social network analysis
, 317

composition
, 8–12

conceptual frameworks for CPS
, 55–59, 60

environments
, 292

model
, 265–266

Dynamism
, 303, 304, 305

key factors of multiteam system dynamism
, 307

social-psychological consequences of
, 305, 308–309

Educational assessments
, 52, 65

Educational technologies
, 67

Educational testing service (ETS)
, 52–53

CPS framework
, 55–56, 57

ETS CPS science simulation
, 63–64

framework
, 57, 58

Electroencephalography (EEG)
, 73–74, 78, 88

Data Collection during Healthcare Simulation Training
, 78

power
, 74, 77, 78–79

source separation for map task performance
, 87

waves in neural systems
, 78

Emergence of team cohesion
, 266, 282

Emergency

response multiteam system
, 289

response system
, 293, 310

Emergent properties over time
, 5, 7, 12–16

Emergent states
, 33, 44–45, 132, 223, 279

dynamic
, 143

shaping
, 303

of team psychological safety and transactive memory systems
, 107

Emotional functioning
, 236

Emotional instability
, 166

Empirical research
, 5, 10, 16, 18, 40, 159, 211

EMTs
, 288

Entropy
, 74, 84, 86, 87

Epinephrine
, 158

“Episodes”
, 312

I-P-O
, 101

performance
, 12, 125, 143, 291, 312

ESA. See European Space Agency (ESA)

EST approach. See Event system theory approach (EST approach)

Estrogen
, 159

ETS. See Educational testing service (ETS)

European Space Agency (ESA)
, 166

Evaluative scoring
, 54

Event system theory approach (EST approach)
, 31, 274, 280–281

Evidence-centered approach
, 55

Existing teams
, 17

Externalized Cue-strategy Associations
, 193

Externalized team knowledge
, 191, 193

Extreme weather phenomena
, 158

F3Cz dipole entropy
, 87

FAA. See Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Familiarity
, 10, 11, 221, 310

Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACES)
, 174

Family systems theory
, 174–176

Feature-oriented framework
, 270

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
, 234

Fluidity

in membership
, 10

of team membership
, 11

Formal coordination structure
, 293–294

Formal roles
, 11

Forming
, 196

phase
, 104–110

team development model forming stage
, 264

Frequency

adaptation
, 39–41

bands
, 74

Function words. See Linguistic style words

Function-word categories
, 242

Functional diversity
, 297

Gamma frequency oscillations
, 82

Gaussian distributions approach
, 66

General systems theory
, 269

Genesis and direction of development
, 300

Geographic dispersion
, 297

GEQ. See Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ)

GES. See Group Environment Scale (GES)

Global economy
, 232

Globalism
, 289

“Goldilocks” supposition
, 38

Google scholar
, 262

Group

identity
, 214

pride
, 263, 268

rhythms
, 76

Group cohesion
, 162, 177

Group communication, research on
, 233–235

Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ)
, 263

Group Environment Scale (GES)
, 172

H-A design. See Human-agent design (H-A design)

Halpin statistical framework
, 58, 66–68

Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation project (HI-SEAS project)
, 169

“Hedonic tone”
, 241

HERA. See Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA)

“Hex Code” task
, 66

HH. See High-high (HH)

HI-SEAS project. See Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation project (HI-SEAS project)

Hierarchical arrangement
, 294, 299, 301

High-high (HH)
, 14

High-low (HL)
, 14

Hofstede’s dimensions, exploring cultural values beyond
, 224

Holistic framework
, 57–58

Hormone oxytocin
, 159, 160

HPA. See Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA)

HR. See Human resource (HR)

Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA)
, 169

Human factors issues
, 234

Human resource (HR)
, 147

Human-agent design (H-A design)
, 65

Human–human collaboration design
, 61

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA)
, 158

ICA. See Independent component analysis (ICA)

ICE environments. See Isolated, confined, and extreme environments (ICE environments)

IMO. See Input-mediator-outcome (IMO)

IMOI framework. See Input–Mediator–Output–Input framework (IMOI framework)

Independent component analysis (ICA)
, 87–88

analysis of healthcare teams
, 88

Individual knowledge
, 192, 216

Individual problem-solving process
, 55–56

Individual response
, 54

Individual-based composition models
, 6

Individual-based models
, 6

Individual-level trust
, 126, 127

Industrial/Organizational (I/O)
, 162

Ineffective collaborators
, 64

Information

information/organization-centric approach
, 77

roles
, 11

science
, 86

theory
, 84

Input interdependence
, 292

Input-mediator-outcome (IMO)
, 32

Input-process-outcome relationships (I-P-O relationships)
, 101, 132, 293

Input–Mediator–Output–Input framework (IMOI framework)
, 131

Intelligent tutoring systems (ITS)
, 68

Interaction process analysis (IPA)
, 233

Interdependence
, 298–299

shifts over time as moderating factor
, 315–316

theory
, 128

Interdependent behavior
, 249

Internalized team knowledge
, 192, 201

International Space Station (ISS)
, 161, 168

Interpersonal

attraction
, 249

processes
, 12–13, 33, 41, 101, 244–245

relations
, 248–249

Interteam processes
, 313

Intrateam

processes
, 313

trust
, 16

I/O. See Industrial/Organizational (I/O)

IPA. See Interaction process analysis (IPA)

I-P-O relationships. See Input-process-outcome relationships (I-P-O relationships)

IRT. See Item response theory (IRT)

Isolated, confined, and extreme environments (ICE environments)
, 156–158

factors and threats to team dynamics in
, 165–169

individual biological, neurobehavioral, and psychiatric factors contributing to
, 158–162

ISS. See International Space Station (ISS)

“Item collaboration effect”
, 64

Item response map
, 62

Item response theory (IRT)
, 52–53, 59, 61

Item writers
, 54

ITS. See Intelligent tutoring systems (ITS)

Japanese Aerospace and Exploration Agency (JAXA)
, 166

“Jigsaw” design
, 61, 65

Job Characteristics Model (JCM)
, 167

Kinect for Windows
, 54

Knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs)
, 5

Knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs)
, 163, 224, 244

Kullback-Leibler index
, 58

Language
, 236

content and style
, 237

dictionaries
, 252

usage
, 234, 236

Language style matching (LSM)
, 242, 276

Latent growth analysis
, 147

Latent semantic analysis (LSA)
, 236

LDSE. See Long-duration space exploration (LDSE)

LDSEMs. See Long duration space exploration missions (LDSEMs)

Leader(ship)

and team management
, 246

boundary spanning
, 109

coaching types
, 100

function
, 101–104, 108, 109, 110, 111, 114, 117, 118

importance
, 96

Lexical analysis
, 237, 239

Lexical indicators of teamwork
, 243

adaptability
, 248

conflict resolution
, 249

coordination, communication, and collaborative problem solving
, 246–247

integrative model of teamwork and collaboration
, 245

interpersonal relations and socioemotional support
, 248–249

leadership and team management
, 246

mission analysis, planning, and strategizing
, 247–248

performance monitoring and feedback
, 246

team performance functions
, 244

Lexical profile
, 232–233

Linear progressive model
, 196

Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count program (LIWC program)
, 234, 236

Linguistic style
, 240

words
, 240

Linguistic style matching algorithm (LSM algorithm). See Language style matching (LSM)

Linkage attributes
, 295–296, 298

influences of
, 299

and temporality
, 299–300

See also Developmental attributes

Linkage constancy
, 301

LIWC program. See Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count program (LIWC program)

LL. See Low-low (LL)

Log files
, 53–55, 61–62

outcome data
, 54–55

process data
, 53–54

Long duration space exploration missions (LDSEMs)
, 289

Long-duration extreme environments, team dynamics in
, 156

dynamic relationship between task and social cohesion over time
, 162–165

factors and threats to team dynamics
, 165–169

future directions for research and practice
, 169–177

ICE environments
, 156–158

individual biological, neurobehavioral, and psychiatric factors contributing to
, 158–162

Long-duration space exploration (LDSE)
, 162

Longitudinal studies
, 316–317

Low-low (LL)
, 14

LSA. See Latent semantic analysis (LSA)

LSM. See Language style matching (LSM)

Luciano’s framework
, 295

Macrocognition concept
, 190

Macrocognition in teams model (MITM)
, 191, 192, 195, 199

CPS and
, 191–195

team development
, 205–206

MCC. See Mission Control Center (MCC)

Mediators of team trust over time
, 133

conflict
, 136–137

effort
, 137

monitoring
, 137

perceived team effectiveness
, 134–135

shared leadership
, 135–136

team cohesion
, 134

Membership

change
, 7, 8–9, 10, 11, 12, 17

constancy
, 301

model divergence
, 10

Meso-theory linking multiteam system structural features
, 304

Mesolevel framework
, 303

MTS component teams operate in context
, 311

MTS structural features
, 303–305

MTS structure and temporality
, 309–311

social-psychological consequences of differentiation and dynamism
, 305, 308–309

Midpoint transitions
, 118

Mission analysis, planning, and strategizing
, 247–248

Mission Control Center (MCC)
, 168

MITM. See Macrocognition in teams model (MITM)

Moderators of team trust over time
, 133, 137

differentiation
, 138–140

task interdependence
, 138

virtuality
, 138

Monitoring
, 117, 137

mutual
, 115

performance
, 204–205, 246

system
, 244

team
, 112, 115, 144

Motivation to lead (MTL)
, 14–15

MTM. See Multiple team membership (MTM)

MTS. See Multiteam system (MTS)

Multicultural teams
, 210

Multidimensional approach
, 304

Multidisciplinary integration
, 170

Multilevel framework in context of cohesion
, 269–271

Multilevel theory
, 269

Multiple member replacement
, 17

Multiple team membership (MTM)
, 11

Multiteam system (MTS)
, 167–169, 270, 289

adaptation in
, 311–316

capturing MTS dynamics over time
, 316–317

defining and distinguishing
, 290–292

emergency response multiteam system
, 289

future research avenues
, 318–319

MTS context
, 303–311

MTS structure and temporality
, 295–303

practical recommendations
, 317–318

temporality as influencing consideration for
, 292–295

Mutual attention
, 250

Mutual monitoring
, 115

National Space and Biomedical Research Institute
, 239

Natural language processing (NLP)
, 64

NdO. See Neurodynamic organization (NdO)

Neural, cognitive, and behavioral rhythms
, 73

Neurodyamic(s)

data
, 74

data cubes
, 75

principles
, 77

symbol maps
, 82

team neurodynamic modeling
, 77

composition of neurodynamic symbol
, 79

EEG data collection during healthcare simulation training
, 78

EEG source separation for map task performance
, 87

fitting team members
, 77

ICA analysis of healthcare teams
, 88

neurodynamic symbol expressions of healthcare team
, 80

NS visualizations
, 82

redundancy of neurodynamic information
, 86

Shannon information or entropy
, 84–85

task segments
, 79–80

transition map
, 82–83

team neurodynamics
, 73

of teams
, 73

theme
, 77

Neurodynamic organization (NdO)
, 85, 86

in alpha and beta regions
, 75

Neurodynamic state space (NSS)
, 78

Neurodynamic symbol (NS)
, 78, 79, 81

expressions
, 80

symbol expression
, 82–83

visualizations
, 82

Neurodynamic Symbol Expressions of Healthcare Team
, 80

Neuroticism
, 166

NLP. See Natural language processing (NLP)

Non-cognitive skills
, 66–67

Nonlinear mixed-effects modeling
, 174

Norming
, 196

phase
, 111–114

stage, team development model
, 264

NS. See Neurodynamic symbol (NS)

NSS. See Neurodynamic state space (NSS)

OB. See Organizational Behavior (OB)

OECD team
, 61

Operationalizations
, 6, 21

Organizational Behavior (OB)
, 162

management
, 173

Organizational/organizations
, 9–10, 43, 291

change and events
, 273–274

diversity
, 296–297

interventions
, 18–19

neuroscience
, 171

outcomes
, 271

resource reallocation
, 272

science approach
, 176

teams
, 18, 30

time-based recommendations for
, 42–44

Output interdependence
, 292–293

Over time
, 52, 166

Pattern Recognition
, 193

Perceived team effectiveness
, 134–135

Performance
, 196

episodes
, 12, 14, 125, 132, 144, 147, 291, 293, 299–300, 312

phase
, 114–118

stage, team development model
, 264

Personnel model with teamwork considerations
, 6

Personnel-position fit model
, 6

PISA. See Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

PISA 2015 Collaborative Problem-Solving Assessment Framework
, 56

2PL/GPCM. See Two-parameter logistic model/generalized partial-credit model (2PL/GPCM)

Plan execution
, 248

Plan formulation
, 248

Point process models
, 68

Positivity components
, 250

Post-trust level
, 141

Potential lexical measures
, 246, 248, 249

Power distribution
, 299

Preemptive conflict management
, 110, 115–116

Primary leadership functions

forming phase
, 108

norming phase
, 113

performing phase
, 116

storming phase
, 111

Problem solving
, 58, 117

process
, 56

Process data
, 53–54, 61–62

Process interdependence
, 292

Productive capacity
, 9

Productive collaboration
, 59

Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
, 52–53, 58

framework
, 56

PISA CPS
, 59, 61

Proportional membership
, 297

Psychoactive androgen
, 159

Psychometric approach
, 59–60

Psychometric theory
, 67

Psychometric tools
, 172

Punctuated equilibrium model
, 103

Qualitative approaches
, 316, 317, 320

Quantitative approaches
, 317

Radiation therapy team
, 35–36

Rasch model
, 62

Rasch/partial-credit model (Rasch/PCM)
, 61

Reactive conflict management
, 110, 115–116

Reciprocal trust
, 126

Reconfiguration
, 17

Relative contribution models
, 6, 11

Research teams
, 55

Role compilation
, 203–204, 217–218, 265

Salient temporal context
, 12

Science simulation task

CPS
, 54

ETS CPS science simulation
, 63–64

Score change
, 64

Self-managing teams
, 7, 108, 109, 136, 144

Self-regulation
, 136, 144, 203, 218

Self-report measures
, 266–268

SEM. See Structural equation models (SEM)

Semantic approach
, 236

Shannon information or entropy
, 84, 85

Shared beliefs
, 249

Shared leadership
, 7, 96, 117–118, 135–136, 145–146

Shared mental model
, 33, 43, 44, 176, 192–193, 201, 298, 301, 302, 314, 318

Simulation-based task
, 63

Single member replacement
, 17

Single-team formation decisions
, 17

Situational assessment
, 248

Skill differentiation
, 223

SNA. See Social network analysis (SNA)

Social climate
, 241

Social cognitive approach
, 308

Social cohesion
, 263–264, 268

Social coordination
, 76

Social domain
, 56–57

Social exchange theory
, 126

Social functioning
, 236

Social impairment
, 240

dimension
, 239–240

Social interaction
, 55–56

Social network analysis (SNA)
, 146, 274, 277–278, 317

Social-psychological consequences of differentiation and dynamism
, 305, 308

affective motives
, 308

belonging needs
, 308

cognitive motives
, 309

Socioemotional

function
, 242

support
, 248–249

Sociometric badges
, 275

Software development team
, 34, 37–39

Space exploration
, 168

Space flight corpus
, 251

Spatial redundancy
, 86–87

Speech

content
, 239–240

style
, 239–240

Staffing
, 4

programs
, 318

team
, 17–18

Stakeholders
, 109

Standard K-means analysis
, 66

Statistical analysis technique
, 63

Status disagreements
, 10

Stochastic processes theory
, 67

Storming
, 196

phase
, 110–111

stage, team development model
, 264

Streamlined illustration
, 288–289

STRESSnet
, 239

Structural equation models (SEM)
, 147

Structural features, MTS
, 303

differentiation
, 304–305, 306

dynamism
, 305, 307

Support facet
, 242

Surface-level

composition
, 5, 16

diversity
, 5–6, 214

“Swift cohesion”
, 279

Symbol space
, 79

Symmetry facet
, 242–243

Systematic Multiple Level Observation of Groups (SYMLOG)
, 233

Systems monitoring
, 112, 115

Task

cohesion
, 263–264, 272

compilation
, 215–217, 265

conflict
, 219

disruptions
, 32

forces
, 291–292

interdependence
, 138

Orientation dimension
, 233–234

task-based adaptation trigger
, 31–33, 36–37, 39–41, 42

task-based triggers
, 35–36

task-related roles
, 11

work
, 197

Taskwork

behaviors
, 244

skills
, 100–101

Taxonomy
, 265–266, 268–269

TBL. See Team-Based Learning (TBL)

Team adaptation
, 30, 31

adaptation
, 32–33

and temporal considerations
, 34–41

framework
, 31

functions
, 244

future research

adaptation and emergent states
, 44–45

time-based opportunities for researchers
, 41–42

time-based recommendations for organizations
, 42–44

literature
, 43

nomological network
, 33

team adaptive outcomes
, 31

Team cohesion over time

challenges in examining cohesion over time
, 266

combining multilevel and temporal frameworks in context of cohesion
, 269–271

conceptualizing cohesion
, 262–263

dimensions of cohesion at different points
, 268–269

organizational change and events
, 273–274

self-report measures
, 266–268

team development and cohesion
, 264–266

temporal approach to studying cohesion
, 274–282

within-team events
, 271–272

Team composition
, 4–7, 12–16

algorithms
, 18

information
, 18–19

managing teams of varying compositions
, 18–20

research
, 9

team processes, and emergent properties over time
, 12–16

and team staffing
, 17–18

and temporal context
, 7–12

Team composition over time

effectiveness of
, 4

management
, 16

management teams of varying compositions
, 18–20

team composition and team staffing
, 17–18

Team development
, 34, 101–104, 279

and cohesion
, 264–266

culture in
, 212

maintaining teamwork
, 220–221

role compilation
, 217–218

task compilation
, 215–217

team compilation
, 218–220

team formation
, 213–215

team settings
, 212–213

model
, 36, 104, 196

Team dynamics
, 96, 232

affiliation
, 241

content analysis
, 235–237, 238

coordination
, 241–242

culture influence on
, 210

context role
, 223–224

cultural diversity benefits to teams
, 221–222

culture in team development
, 212–221

culture within selection and training systems
, 224–225

exploring cultural values beyond Hofstede’s dimensions
, 224

future research
, 222–223

multicultural teams
, 210–211

team types
, 212

development of language dictionaries
, 251–252

illustrative example
, 239

lexical analysis and
, 237, 239

lexical indicators of teamwork
, 243–249

limitations and challenges
, 250–251

research on group communication
, 233–235

social climate
, 241

support
, 242

symmetry
, 242–243

team perspective
, 240–241

Team dynamics in long-duration extreme environments
, 156

dynamic relationship between task and social cohesion over time
, 162–165

factors and threats to team dynamics
, 165

autonomy, communication, and multiteam systems
, 167–169

selection
, 165–166

team composition
, 166–167

future directions for research and practice
, 169

biological variables
, 170–171

experimental analysis of behavior
, 171–174

family systems theory
, 174–177

multidisciplinary integration and countermeasure development
, 170

temporal dynamics
, 169–170

ICE environments
, 156–158

individual biological, neurobehavioral, and psychiatric factors contributing to
, 158–162

Team Evolution and Maturation framework (TEAM framework)
, 197

Team mental models (TMM)
, 14

Team neurodynamic(s)
, 73

modeling
, 77

composition of neurodynamic symbol
, 79

EEG data collection during healthcare simulation training
, 78

EEG source separation for map task performance
, 87

fitting team members
, 77

ICA analysis of healthcare teams
, 88

neurodynamic symbol expressions of healthcare team
, 80

NS visualizations
, 82

redundancy of neurodynamic information
, 86

Shannon information or entropy
, 84–85

task segments
, 79–80

transition map
, 82–83

Team problem-solving

development model
, 199

propositions for changes in CPS
, 202

role compilation
, 203–204

sets of propositions
, 199

task compilation
, 203, 204–205

task-related experience
, 200–201

team formation
, 201–203

outcomes
, 193

Team trust over time
, 128–131

future research
, 143

methodological considerations
, 146–147

team conflict
, 144–145

team monitoring
, 144

theoretical considerations
, 143–144

trust violation and repair in teams
, 145–146

mediators and moderators of
, 133–140

recommendations for practice
, 147–149

temporal model of team trust development
, 131–133

trust violation and repair in teams
, 140–143

See also Change over time

Team-Based Learning (TBL)
, 129

Team(s)
, 11–12, 13–15, 16–17, 190, 210, 291

adaptation trigger
, 31–32, 33, 37, 39, 41

assembly research
, 18

cognition
, 216

cohesion
, 15–16, 134, 165, 262

communications
, 239

compilation
, 198, 203, 204–205, 218–220

composition models
, 6–7

conflict
, 144–145

consensus
, 193

context
, 240

cultural diversity benefits to
, 221–222

cycle
, 12

diversity
, 7–8

effectiveness models
, 4

efficacy
, 15

formation
, 18, 201–203, 213–215

phase
, 265

function
, 232

goal-setting process
, 109

knowledge
, 192

resources
, 193

similarity
, 193

leadership
, 97–100

action phase leadership functions
, 99

functions over time
, 105–106

meeting team needs
, 100–101

needs change over time
, 104–118

team development
, 101–104

transition phase leadership functions
, 98

learning
, 248

maintenance
, 245

members
, 8, 10, 281

behaviors
, 242

familiarity
, 10

satisfaction
, 135

monitoring
, 144

and backup
, 112, 115

motivational functions
, 244

need
, 97, 100–101

organizational functions
, 244

orientation functions
, 244

perspective
, 240–241

potency
, 116

processes
, 12–16, 102

framework
, 32–33

profile models
, 6

psychological safety
, 107

staffing
, 17–18

task management
, 245

team-level outcome data
, 54

team-level response
, 54

“teaming” policy
, 18

temporal model of team trust development
, 131–133

trigger
, 41

trust
, 124, 125, 126–128

violation and repair in
, 140–143

types of
, 212

See also Multiteam system (MTS)

Teamwork
, 66–67

lexical indicators of
, 243–249

processes
, 293–294

skills
, 100–101

time for
, 4

Temporal approach to studying cohesion
, 274

ABM
, 281–282

adopting EST framework
, 279–281

SNA
, 277–278

swift cohesion
, 278–279

unobtrusive/indirect measures
, 274–277

Temporal considerations

adaptation and
, 34

duration
, 37–39

frequency
, 39–41

timing
, 34–37

Temporal context
, 7–8

dynamic composition
, 8–12

Temporal dynamics
, 169–170

Temporal factors
, 42–44

Temporal frameworks
, 271

in context of cohesion
, 269–271

Temporal orientation
, 297

Temporal phase

forming
, 107

norming
, 112

performing
, 114–115

storming
, 110

Temporal rhythm
, 313

Temporal stability
, 223

Temporal terms
, 248

Temporality

as influencing consideration for MTSs
, 292–295

MTS structure and
, 295

compositional attributes
, 296–298

developmental attributes
, 300–302

linkage attributes
, 298–300

typology identifies features
, 302–303

MTS structure and
, 309–311

Temporally rooted approach
, 311

interdependence shifts over time as moderating factor
, 315–316

MTS adaptation to changes and disruptions over time
, 313–315

temporally based framework of MTS dynamics and adaptation
, 312

Temporary shifts in membership
, 10

Testosterone
, 159

Thematic approaches
, 236

Theory of self-management
, 117–118

Theta
, 74

Threatening
, 159

Three-element vectors
, 78

Time-based opportunities for researchers
, 41–42

Time-based recommendations for organizations
, 42–44

Time-stamped CPS data, methodological advances for

ACT CPS Game
, 64–66

ATC21S CPS
, 61–62

ETS CPS Science Simulation
, 63–64

PISA CPS
, 59, 61

Von Davier and Halpin
, 66–68

TMM. See Team mental models (TMM)

TMS. See Transactive memory systems (TMS)

Tolerable stress
, 159

Top-down processes
, 271, 273, 280, 303

Training systems, culture within
, 224–225

Transactive memory systems (TMS)
, 14, 108, 112–113

Transition

maps
, 84

phase
, 265–266

leadership functions
, 98

processes
, 244–245

processes
, 13, 33

phases
, 41

Trend Analysis
, 193

Trust
, 308

benefits
, 129–130

development and maturation
, 124–125

violation and repair in teams
, 140–143, 145–146

Tuckman’s model
, 103, 104, 196

Two-parameter logistic model/generalized partial-credit model (2PL/GPCM)
, 61

Uncertainty resolution
, 193

Unobtrusive measurement
, 232

Unobtrusive/indirect measures
, 274–277

Validation efforts
, 252

Verbal communications
, 232–233, 235

Verbal content
, 237, 238

Verbal coordination
, 242

“Vicious spirals”
, 40

Virtual teams
, 129, 212–213, 297

Virtuality
, 138

“Virtuous spirals”
, 40, 43

von Davier’s and Halpin’s statistical framework
, 58–59, 66–68

Within and between-team processes
, 296, 302

Workforce
, 210

Wright Map distribution
, 62