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Religion as Apparatus of Ethical Similarity: A Catalyst Toward the Framework of Ethical Behaviors (FEB) in Technical Environment

Ethics in the Global South

ISBN: 978-1-78743-205-5, eISBN: 978-1-78743-204-8

Publication date: 6 October 2017


While technical environment starts from western culture which is mainly based on Christianity, the associated ethical concern of the operation of technology can be varied depending on the sociotechnical environment and/or organizational culture. Ethical standards – irrespective of religions – can be used to govern the appropriate behaviors of employees in technical environment. Religions, on the other hand can also act as an apparatus of good ethical motivation that can guide individuals in society/environment. Different religions might use different apparatus(s) to define the good code of ethics. This chapter shows similarities in the ethical teaching dictated by different holy books (mainly Islam, Judaism, and Christianity). The reason is to generalize that religion, as an apparatus of ethics, can be a factor toward ethical behavior supporting the man-made code of ethics in organizations which can also lead to support the definition of the proposed framework ethical behaviors.

Comparison between verses from holy books shows similarities in ethical dimension between religions (mainly Islam and Christianity). After showing the similarities, this chapter proposes a framework of ethical behaviors (FEB) to measure employees’ ethical standards in specific organization where technical environment like cloud computing was used as an example in this chapter.

Verses from both holy books (Quran and Bible–inclusive of the old testament) shows similarities in ethical standards. This similarity considered as a component toward the proposed framework for ethical behaviors in organizations where religion can be an important factor in multi-national, multi-cultural type of organizations. The proposed FEB can be used to identify possible environmental factors acting as moderators while religion and family values acting as mediators toward behaving ethically within technical environment.

The proposed framework can be used as a guide to identify ethical versus unethical employees where a mechanism to measure is proposed. Religious standard concluded out of the similarity section was used as a component of this framework.

The added value of utilizing good religious-based ethical standards is that employees/IT professionals will have an internal drive (on the top of corporate ethical standards) toward ethical behavior in such environment.




The Author would like to acknowledge the support of Dr. Michael Schwartz (Editor of REIO) for modifications needed during the submission process of this article to comply with the journal format and reviewer(s) requirements. His comments were very valuable.


Kouatli, I. (2017), "Religion as Apparatus of Ethical Similarity: A Catalyst Toward the Framework of Ethical Behaviors (FEB) in Technical Environment", Ethics in the Global South (Research in Ethical Issues in Organizations, Vol. 18), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 91-114.



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