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Challenges to creating an Arabian Gulf knowledge economy

Education for a Knowledge Society in Arabian Gulf Countries

ISBN: 978-1-78350-833-4, eISBN: 978-1-78350-834-1

Publication date: 15 April 2014


This chapter presents a theoretical and evidence-based investigation of the contribution that national educational systems make to the development of and transition to a knowledge economy in the Arabian Gulf, generally, and Saudi Arabia, specifically. The challenges to creating an Arabian Gulf knowledge economy are twofold. One is a functional and structural challenge of developing a knowledge economy-oriented mass education system. The other is a cultural and contextual challenge of aligning Arabian Gulf expectations, traditions, and norms with institutionalized expectations for knowledge economies. The knowledge economy development challenge that is specific to national versus non-national Gulf populations, information and communication technology (ICT), and formal mass education systems is highlighted. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the role that national innovation systems play in knowledge economy development in the Arabian Gulf countries.




The authors sincerely thank Emily Anderson for her contribution to the conceptual development and background research for this chapter.


Wiseman, A.W., Alromi, N.H. and Alshumrani, S. (2014), "Challenges to creating an Arabian Gulf knowledge economy", Education for a Knowledge Society in Arabian Gulf Countries (International Perspectives on Education and Society, Vol. 24), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-33.



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