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The Role of Sustainability in Mergers & Acquisitions: A Literature Review

Mohammad Faisal Ahammad (University of Leeds, UK)

Advances in Mergers and Acquisitions

ISBN: 978-1-83753-861-4, eISBN: 978-1-83753-860-7

Publication date: 24 August 2023


Over the last decade, the sustainability concept has progressively enticed both practitioners and researchers around the world. Despite the research interest in the role of sustainability in mergers and acquisitions (M&As), a number of critical questions remained unanswered. The aim of this chapter is to review and synthesize the existing research on sustainability and M&As in the fields of management, international business, finance, accounting, and economics and identify avenues for further research. The literature review has been organized according to the process perspective of M&As, that is, the pre-M&A and post-M&A phases. The review of the literature revealed that most of the existing literature used proxies of sustainability such as environment, social, and governance (ESG) rating or corporate social responsibility (CSR) and attempted to examine the relationship between ESG/CSR performance with stock market reaction and returns. While a small but growing number of studies examined the role of sustainability in M&As, there are scopes for further research. This chapter puts forward a research agenda that calls for a more granular examination of the role of sustainability in pre-M&A phases such as the target selection process, that is, due diligence and negotiation process in domestic and cross-border M&As. Moreover, future studies should investigate the role of sustainability during the post-M&A phase, for example, integration of sustainability practices during the post-M&A stage.



Ahammad, M.F. (2023), "The Role of Sustainability in Mergers & Acquisitions: A Literature Review", Cooper, C.L. and Finkelstein, S. (Ed.) Advances in Mergers and Acquisitions (Advances in Mergers and Acquisitions, Vol. 22), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 19-30.



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