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The Motivational Effects of Charismatic Leadership: A Self-Concept Based Theory1

Leadership Now: Reflections on the Legacy of Boas Shamir

ISBN: 978-1-78743-201-7, eISBN: 978-1-78743-200-0

ISSN: 1479-3571

Publication date: 5 October 2018

Abstract

The empirical literature on charismatic or transformational leadership demonstrates that such leadership has profound effects on followers. However, while several versions of charismatic leadership theory predict such effects, none of them explains the process by which these effects are achieved. In this paper we seek to advance leadership theory by addressing this fundamental problem. We offer a self-concept based motivational theory to explain the process by which charismatic leader behaviors cause profound transformational effects on followers. The theory presents the argument that charismatic leadership has its effects by strongly engaging followers’ self-concepts in the interest of the mission articulated by the leader. We derive from this theory testable propositions about (a) the behavior of charismatic leaders and their effects on followers, (b) the role of followers’ values and orientations in the charismatic relationship, and (c) some of the organizational conditions that favor the emergence and effectiveness of charismatic leaders.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments

This paper was written while the first two authors were Visiting Professors at Suffolk University. The authors are indebted to Jane M. Howell, Susan Jackson, Raanan Lipshitz, Phillip Podsakoff, and Jitendra Singh for their comments on an earlier draft of this paper.

Citation

Shamir, B., House, R.J. and Arthur, M.B. (2018), "The Motivational Effects of Charismatic Leadership: A Self-Concept Based Theory1", Katz, I., Eilam-Shamir, G., Kark, R. and Berson, Y. (Ed.) Leadership Now: Reflections on the Legacy of Boas Shamir (Monographs in Leadership and Management, Vol. 9), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 9-29. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-357120180000009009

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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